Effects of a School-Based Interventional Program on Smoking Refusal Self-efficacy in Adolescent Females

Rafiee, Zienab and Assarroudi, Abdolghader and Zare, Masoud and Heidarian Miri, Hamid and Behboudifar, Atefe and Heshmati Nabavi, Fatemeh (2018) Effects of a School-Based Interventional Program on Smoking Refusal Self-efficacy in Adolescent Females. Evidence Based Care, 8 (3). pp. 46-56.

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Abstract

smoking. Self-efficacy can be assumed as the best predictor of smoking behavior in adolescents. Aim: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a school-based interventional program on smoking refusal self-efficacy in adolescent females. Method: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 53 adolescent females in 2017. The participants were randomly divided into two groups of intervention (n=27) and control (n=26). The intervention group was provided with a smoking prevention program implemented five sessions a week in their school classrooms. On the other hand, the control group received the routine interventions. A researcher-made Smoking Refusal Self-Efficacy Questionnaire was completed before and one month after the intervention. Statistical analysis was performed in SPSS software (version 20.0) using Fisher�s exact test, t-test, and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: According to the results, 9 (34.6) and 7 (25.9) individuals in the control and intervention groups had smoking fathers, respectively. The two study groups were homogeneous in terms of smoking refusal self-efficacy before the intervention. Following the intervention, the mean self-efficacy scores in the intervention and control groups were estimated as 111.55±13.1 and 93.53±25.02, respectively. There was a significant difference between the two groups regarding this variable after the intervention (P=0.02). Implications for Practice: The school-based interventional program for smoking prevention in accordance with social skills training could effectively increase the level of smoking refusal self-efficacy in adolescent females.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WY Nursing
Divisions: Journals > Evidence-based Care
Depositing User: ebcj ebcj
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2018 04:43
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2018 04:43
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10538

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