Assessment of Oral Health Status and Health Behaviors in the Adult Population of Nomadic Tribes (2016)

Tahani, Bahareh and Moosavi, Sayede Parvaneh (2018) Assessment of Oral Health Status and Health Behaviors in the Adult Population of Nomadic Tribes (2016). Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 42 (4). pp. 307-319.

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Introduction: Nomadic tribes are a population often with low education levels, poor economic status, and limited access to health care. The present study aimed to assess the oral health and oral hygiene behaviors of this specific population. Materials and Methods: This survey was conducted on 200 participants aged 18-60 years. The subjects were selected via two-stage sampling (convenience and cluster sampling) in Dehestan Ashayeri and Cheshmeh Langan regions in Fereydoon Shahr, Iran in the spring and summer of 2016. Community periodontal index (CPI) and DMFT indices were recorded during dental examination. In addition, oral hygiene behaviors and nutritional habits were recorded in checklists. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 22 using t-test, Chi-square, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) (α=0.05). Results: Among the participants, 83 males (41.5) and 117 females (58.8) (total: 81.5; n=163) were selected from Dehestan Ashayeri region, and 18.5 of the subjects (n=37) were selected from Cheshmeh Langan region. According to the findings, 29.1 of the subjects (n=58) never cleaned their teeth, and only 3 reported to brush their teeth daily. Mean of DMFT was 9.6±5.6 (range: 0-28), and 56 and 40 of this index was due to tooth extraction and dental caries, respectively. No significant difference was observed between men and women in terms of DMFT, while a significant difference was denoted between various age groups in this regard (P<0.001). Accordingly, DMFT was 6.7±4.3 in the age group of 18-34 years, 12.5±5.1 in the age group of 35-51 years, and 14.3±5.1 in the age group of 52-68 years. No significant difference was observed in the DMFT between the age groups of 35-51 and 52-68 years. Moreover, codes zero and one were frequent in 2 (n=4) and 29.5 of the subjects (n=59), while 61 (n=123) and 7 of the subjects (n=14) were codes three and four, respectively. Conclusion: According to the findings, dental caries is highly prevalent in the nomadic tribes of Fereydoon Shahr, and most of the dental referrals of this population are for tooth extraction. Furthermore, a high percentage of the subjects reported gingival bleeding. Based on the periodontal and edentulous health status of these individuals, their oral health status was considered poor compared to the general population.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Mashhad Dental School
Depositing User: jmds jmds
Date Deposited: 25 Dec 2018 09:39
Last Modified: 25 Dec 2018 09:39

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