Protective effect of Urtica dioica leaf hydro alcoholic extract against experimentally-induced atherosclerosis in rats

Namazi, Fatemeh and Shomali, Tahoora and Taghikhani, Pouya and Nazifi, Saeid (2018) Protective effect of Urtica dioica leaf hydro alcoholic extract against experimentally-induced atherosclerosis in rats. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine, 8 (3). pp. 254-262.

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Abstract

Objective: Finding compounds that could be used for prevention of atherosclerosis (AS) is highly desired. The present study evaluated the protective effects of Urtica dioica (UD, commonly known as stinging nettle) leaf ethanolic extract against high-fat diet-induced AS in rats. Materials and Methods: In this study, 40 male adult Sprauge-Dawley rats were randomly allocated to 4 equal groups and treated as follows for 9 consecutive weeks:Â (1) Normal control (NC; normal rats that were fed with a basic diet); (2) Atherosclerotic rats (AT; which received no particular treatment); (3) Atherosclerotic rats that received 100 mg/kg/day ethanolic extract of UD orally and (4) Atherosclerotic rats that received simvastatin 4 mg/kg/day orally. Atherosclerosis was induced by a high-fat diet accompanied by propylthiouracil and vitamin D3. Results: Marked hypercholesterolemia and significant increase in LDL-C/HDL-C ratio were observed in rats of AT group. Administration of UD significantly reduced these parameters as compared to AT group (p Conclusion: Ethanolic extract of UD prevents establishment of atherosclerotic lesions in rat aorta, which is associated with positive effects on serum lipid profile without significantly affecting antioxidant status.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
QT physiology
Divisions: Journals > Avicenna J Phytomedicine
Depositing User: ajp ajp
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2018 09:57
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2018 09:57
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10715

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