Investigating of Moral Distress and Attitude to Euthanasia in the Intensive Care Unit Nurses

Alborzi, Jila and Sabeti, Fahimeh and Baraz, Shahram and Miladinia, Mojtaba and Saidkhani, Vahid and Sharhani, Asaad (2018) Investigating of Moral Distress and Attitude to Euthanasia in the Intensive Care Unit Nurses. International Journal of Pediatrics, 6 (11). pp. 8475-8482.

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Abstract

Background: Considering the religious and legal structures in Iran, the occurrence of euthanasia seems to be impossible; however, the attitude of nurses towards euthanasia and its related factors may also affect creating moral distress conditions for nurses. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate of the moral distress and attitude of Adult and Neonatal Intensive Care Units (AICU/ NICU) nurses toward euthanasia. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, all the nurses working in intensive care units of Educational Hospitals affiliated with Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (Ahvaz city, Iran) were selected by census. Data were collected using Corley's Moral Distress Scale and Holloway�s Euthanasia Attitude Scale. Single-variable and multivariate linear regression tests were used to analyze the data and to determine the relationships between independent and dependent variables. Analyses were done using SPSS software (version 22).Results: The attitude of all nurses towards euthanasia was negative (min score=20, max score=73, mean score= 43.78±7.99). The mean Moral distress frequency and Moral distress intensify were 47.01±12.90 and 48.42±11.62, respectively (indicates moderate ethical distress). In AICU nurses, there was a significant relationship between the frequency of moral distress and the nurses� attitudes. However, there was no significant relationship between the intensity of moral distress and the nurses� attitudes. In NICU nurses, there was no significant relationship between the frequency of moral distress and intensity of moral distress with nurses� attitude toward euthanasia. Conclusion: The religious and cultural conditions of the country have caused all nurses did not consider euthanasia to be acceptable under any circumstances. Further studies are needed to better understand the attitude of nurses towards euthanasia, especially with regard to the culture of Iranian society.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WS Pediatrics
QY Clinical Pathology
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2019 08:06
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2019 08:06
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10899

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