A Qualitative Study of Acute Poisoning related Emergencies in the Paediatric Age Group

Dayasiri, Kavinda Chandimal and Jayamanne, Shaluka and Jayasinghe, Chamilka (2018) A Qualitative Study of Acute Poisoning related Emergencies in the Paediatric Age Group. Asia Pacific Journal of Medical Toxicology, 7 (3). pp. 68-74.

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Background: This qualitative study presents an in-depth evaluation of the contributory psycho-socio-cultural and physical-economic factors related to paediatric poisoning in rural Sri Lanka. Method: The study was conducted at paediatric wards of Anuradhapura teaching hospital (THA) over a period of two years (2012 â�� 2014). Main methods of data collection were participantsâ�� narrative and focus group discussions (FGDs). All parents of children with acute poisoning were recruited to FGDs. The structure of phenomena was developed based on descriptive phenomenological inquiries and key themes were identified at data analysis stage. Results: 383 parents participated in focus group discussions. Data were categorized to four domains; (1) parental awareness of poisoning risks, (2) presence of child, parent and environment related risk factors, (3) issues related to first aid care and provision of care until child was brought to emergency care unit, and (4) possible measures to prevent further poisoning. Interaction of multiple risk factors was observed in children with both intentional and unintentional poisoning. Accidental poisonings were associated with certain cultural practices, unsafe environment and unsafe storage of poisons. Children with intentional poisoning frequently had disrupted family relationships. Harmful first aid measures and delayed presentation at the primary care unit had negative impact on poisoning related outcomes. Parents believed community education, safe storage of poisons, and safe environment would likely bring down poison related morbidity. Conclusion: Person, poison and environment related risk factors can lead to acute poisoning emergencies in children in rural Sri Lanka. Often multiple risk factors interact to bring about the poisoning event. Avoidance of harmful first aid measures and early presentation at the primary care unit would bring down poisoning related morbidity. Effect of community education, safe storage of poisons and safe environment should be evaluated in the view of preventing poisoning.Â

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Journals > Asia Pacific J Toxicology
Depositing User: apjmt apjmt
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2019 13:18
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2019 13:18
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10945

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