Effects of L-citrulline supplementation on blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Barkhidarian, Bahareh and Khorshidi, Masoud and Shab-bidar, Sakineh and Hashemi, Baran (2019) Effects of L-citrulline supplementation on blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine, 9 (1). pp. 10-20.

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Abstract

Objective: We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials that examined the effects of L-citrulline supplementation on blood pressure (BP). Materials and Methods: We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS, PUBMED and Google scholar databases from inception to November 16, 2017 and 811 papers were identified, of which 8 trials with 10 data sets met the inclusion criteria. Inclusion criteria were: (1) application of randomized clinical trial with either crossover or parallel designs; (2) studies conducted in adults (�18 y); (3) oral supplementation with L-citrulline compared to control group; (4) expression of sufficient data about systolic and diastolic BP at baseline and at the end of the study in each group. BP effects were pooled by random-effects models, with trials weighted by inverse variance. Results: The included studies� sample size ranged between 12 and 34 subjects. The mean age of the participants in these trials ranged between 22 and 71 years. Dosage of L-citrulline supplementation varied from 3 to 9 g/day. Duration of the intervention ranged between 1 and 17 weeks. The pooled changes in systolic and diastolic BP were (MD, �4.10 mm Hg; 95 CI �7.94, -0.26; p=0.037) and (MD �2.08 mm Hg; 95% CI �4.32, 0.16; P=0.069), respectively. The subgroup analysis showed a significant diastolic BP reduction in studies that used doses of �6 g/day (MD �2.75 mm Hg; 95% CI �5.37, -0.12; p=0.04). Conclusion: Our results suggest that L-citrulline supplementation may reduce systolic BP. A significant reduction in diastolic BP was observed only in the studies that used doses � 6 g/day.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
QT physiology
QU Biochemistry
QV pharmacology
Divisions: Journals > Avicenna J Phytomedicine
Depositing User: ajp ajp
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2019 07:19
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2019 07:19
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11132

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