Effect of Ramadan fasting on Macronutrients & Micronutrients intake: an essential lesson for healthcare professionals

Sajjadi, Seyedeh Forogh and Hassanpour, Kosar and Assadi, Majid and Yousefi, Farzaneh and Ostovar, Afshin and Nabipour, Iraj and Rahbar, Alireza (2018) Effect of Ramadan fasting on Macronutrients & Micronutrients intake: an essential lesson for healthcare professionals. Journal of Nutrition,Fasting and Health, 6 (4). pp. 205-212.

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Abstract

Introduction: The study was aimed to assess the intakes of nutrients of individuals in month of Ramadan. Materials and Methods: In total, 119 participants visited twice: once before Ramadan and then the 3rd week of Ramadan. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and 3-day food intake recall used to determine the nutrient intake during Ramadan and other months. Weight, height and other demographic parameters were also gathered. Results: One sample T-test showed a significantly higher intake of Calorie, total fat, saturated fatty acids, cholesterol, vitamin A carotene, vitamin A total, vitamin B2, B12, C, niacin and phosphorous were significantly higher than RDA before Ramadan (P<0.05). However, Carbohydrate, fiber, polyunsaturated fat, folate, cooper, magnesium, potassium, selenium and sodium of subjects� diets were significantly lower than RDA before Ramdan. paired sample T-test illustrated that Calories, carbohydrate, fiber, total fat, monounsaturated fatty acids, saturated fatty acids, cholesterol, vitamin A carotene, total vitamin A, vitamin B1, C, E, folate, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, selenium and sodium intake all significantly decreased after 3 weeks of fasting. However, only Calories, protein, carbohydrate, fiber, total fat, saturated fat, monounsaturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, cholesterol, vitamin A carotene, vitamin B2, B6, C, E, folacin, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, selenium and sodium intake in 3rd week of Ramadan were significantly lower than RDA and vitamin A and niacin were significantly higher than RDA during Ramadan. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates a significant decrease in some micronutrients during the month of Ramadan and indicates to imply nutritional recommendation in selecting foods.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WD Nutrition Disease and metabolic diseases
Divisions: Journals > J Fasting And Health
Depositing User: Journal of Nutriton Fasting and Health
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2019 09:37
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2019 09:37
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11219

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