Cast Partial Denture versus Acrylic Partial Denture for Replacement of Missing Teeth in Partially Edentulous Patients

Suwal, Pramita and Singh, Raj Kumar and Ayer, Ashok and Roy, Deepak Kumar and Roy, Roshan Kumar (2017) Cast Partial Denture versus Acrylic Partial Denture for Replacement of Missing Teeth in Partially Edentulous Patients. Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques, 6 (1). pp. 27-34.

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Abstract

Aim: To compare the effects of cast partial denture with conventional all acrylic denture in respect to retention, stability, masticatory efficiency, comfort and periodontal health of abutments. Methods: 50 adult partially edentulous patient seeking for replacement of missing teeth having Kennedy class I and II arches with or without modification areas were selected for the study. Group-A was treated with cast partial denture and Group-B with acrylic partial denture. Data collected during follow-up visit of 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year by evaluating retention, stability, masticatory efficiency, comfort, periodontal health of abutment. Results: Chi-square test was applied to find out differences between the groups at 95 confidence interval where p = 0.05. One year comparison shows that cast partial denture maintained retention and stability better than acrylic partial denture (p< 0.05). The masticatory efficiency was significantly compromising from 3rd month to 1 year in all acrylic partial denture groups (p< 0.05). The comfort of patient with cast partial denture was maintained better during the observation period (p< 0.05). Periodontal health of abutment was gradually deteriorated in all acrylic denture group (p<0.05). Conclusions: With adequate maintenance of oral and denture hygiene at a regular interval, cast partial denture compared with acrylic partial denture provides better results in terms of retention, stability, comfort and periodontal health of abutment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Journals > J Dental Materials and Techniques
Depositing User: jdmt jdmt
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2017 13:47
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2017 13:47
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1125

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