Designing the Comprehensive Diagnostic Test of Dyslexia (CDTD) and Investigating its Validity and Reliability for Primary School Students of Isfahan in 2015-2016

Heidari, kh and Faramarzi, S and Abedi, A and Ghamarani, A (2019) Designing the Comprehensive Diagnostic Test of Dyslexia (CDTD) and Investigating its Validity and Reliability for Primary School Students of Isfahan in 2015-2016. Journal of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation, 8 (2). pp. 17-28.

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Abstract

Purpose: there is no standard reading test for elementary school grades (first to six) in Iran to early identify students with special problems in reading. Considering the large population of individuals with reading problems and the urgent need for rapid and accurate diagnosis, the present study aimed to designing the Comprehensive Diagnostic Test of Dyslexia (CDTD) and investigating its validity and reliability for primary school students. Methods: This was a cross-sectional instrument development study. The statistical population of the study included all primary school students with in all the six educational regions of Isfahan in the academic year of 2015-2016. The sample was selected by stratified random sampling in proportion to the population size. Accordingly, 600 students (300 girls and 300 boys) were selected from the six grades. To develop the Comprehensive Diagnostic Test of Dyslexia (CDTD), after reviewing the previous studies and the theoretical literature, books and existing tests, the most important components of dyslexia were extracted through thematic analysis and the early version of CDTD was developed. Content validity was investigated by Lawshe method and for convergent validity, the correlation between CDTD and reading and dyslexia test was estimated. The internal consistency was estimated by Cronbach�s alpha coefficient and the validity of the test was estimated by the test-retest method. Results: the minimum and maximum Content Validity Ratio (CVR) for CDTD were 0.33 and 1, respectively and the Content Validity Index (CVI) was 0.81. The correlation between CDTD and the reading and dyslexia test was .56 (p=0.004). There was a statistically significant difference between students with and without reading difficulties in CDTD (p=0.001). The internal consistency of CDTD was 0.75 and the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was .88. Conclusion: the results of the analysis revealed that the CDTD is properly valid and reliable. Therefore, this test can be used to develop the profiles, and finding the strengths, and weaknesses of students with dyslexia and it can also be used for educational and rehabilitation purposes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychometric Properties,Dyslexia,Elementary school students
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Paramedical Science and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: jpsr jpsr
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 07:26
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2019 07:26
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11900

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