Effect of Repeated Porcelain Firings on Corrosion Resistance and Surface Properties of Base Metal Alloys

Asadzadeh Aghdaee, Nafiseh and Ghorbanian Fard, Foojan and Ghaemi, Delaram (2019) Effect of Repeated Porcelain Firings on Corrosion Resistance and Surface Properties of Base Metal Alloys. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 43 (3). pp. 227-241.

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Abstract

Introduction: Regarding the use of nickel-chromium (Ni-Cr) alloy in porcelain-fused to metal-restorations and the need for high temperature for porcelain firing, there are probable alterations in the microstructure of the alloy, the corrosion resistance, and the rate of ion release. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of multiple firings on the corrosion resistance and surface characteristics of two Ni-Cr alloys. Materials and Methods: In total, 24 discs were made from each Ni-Cr alloys without beryllium (Dam Cast) and with beryllium (Super Cast). They were then assigned into four subgroups based on the number of firings: (1) without firing, (2) four times firing, (3) four times firing and a correctional firing, and (4) four times firing and two correctional firings. The corrosion resistance was evaluated using an electrochemical potentiostat device. The ions release was measured after immersing samples in Fusayama artificial saliva (pH of 5, at 37 ◦c) for 30 days by ICP-AES technique. The surface of the alloys was evaluated with a metallurgical light microscope and scanning electron microscope. Data were analyzed in SPSS software .P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: According to the results, the impedance of both alloys decreased significantly with increasing the frequency of firings. A significant decrease was observed in the impedance and corrosion resistance of Super Cast alloy using correctional firings (the third and fourth firings), compared to Porcelain firing samples. However, no significant decrease was observed in Dam Cast. In addition, the number of released ions was significantly increased with an increase in the number of firings in both alloys. Nevertheless, there was no difference between the alloys regarding the released ions. The concentration of released ions was higher in Super Cast alloy, compared to that in DAM Cast. Increased levels of corrosion were observed on the surface of Super Cast alloys using a microscopic evaluation. Conclusion: Multiple firings had lower effects on the corrosion resistance of Dam Cast alloy without beryllium, compared to Super Cast alloy with beryllium.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Beryllium ion,Corrosion resistance,Nickel-chromium alloy,Porcelain firing
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Mashhad Dental School
Depositing User: jmds jmds
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2019 07:36
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2019 07:36
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11997

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