The effect of Myrtus communis cream on wound healing and severity of episiotomy pain: Double-blind clinical trial

Mirzaee, Fatemeh and Jannesari, Sharareh and Kariman, Nourossadat and Mojab, Faraz and Nasiri, Malihe (2019) The effect of Myrtus communis cream on wound healing and severity of episiotomy pain: Double-blind clinical trial. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility, 22 (8). pp. 52-61.

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Abstract

Introduction: Episiotomy is of common surgical procedures in midwifery and is followed by complications including inflammation, edema, approximation of the wound and perineal pain. In past, Myrtus communis plant has been used to treat wounds and relieve pain. This study was performed with aim to investigate the effect of M. communis cream on wound healing and episiotomy pain severity. Methods: This double-blind clinical trial was conducted on 100 nulliparous women in Zabol Amiralmomenin Ali Hospital from July to November 2018. The participants randomly received Myrtus Communis cream or placebo and used the encoded creams 2 times a day for 10 days. Demographic and obstetrics questionnaire, health status form, analgesic used, Numeric pain rating scale, Reeda scale and drug side effects table were used to assess the individuals. Then, the pain severity and recovery rate were examined on the first 2 hours, fifth and tenth day after delivery. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 23) and Mann-Whitney, independent-t, and Chi-square tests. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: There was no significant difference between two groups in terms of demographic and obstetric variables and pain severity in first 2 hours after delivery (p>0.05). The mean difference of pain severity on the fifth (p=0.009) and tenth day (p=0.012) after delivery was significant in M. communis cream and placebo cream groups, and the severity of pain was less pain in M. communis cream group. The mean of Reeda score group on the 5th day after delivery was 1.70 ± 1.09 in the M. communis cream group and 2.94 ± 1.51 in the placebo cream group (p<0.001), and on the tenth day after delivery was 1.04 ± 0.854 in the M. communis cream group and 2.06 ± 0.620 in the placebo cream group that was statistically significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: M. communis cream due to its healing properties accelerates the healing of episiotomy wound and reduces the severity of pain.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Episiotomy,Myrtus Communis,Myrtaceae,Nulliparous,Pain,Wound healing
Subjects: WP Gynecology
WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility
Depositing User: ijogi ijogi
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2019 09:29
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2019 09:29
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12012

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