Gender Preference and its Influence on Fertility Intention in the low-Fertility Context of Tehran, Iran

Razeghi Nasrabad, Hajiieh Bibi and Alimondegari, Malihe (2019) Gender Preference and its Influence on Fertility Intention in the low-Fertility Context of Tehran, Iran. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, 7 (4). pp. 1962-1970.

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Abstract

Background & aim: A number of studies have addressed the positive effects of parental gender preferences for children on fertility in Iran. However, new demographic situations have left two questions unanswered: whether parents demonstrate gender preferences for children in a modern low-fertility society and if so whether such a preference is a strong predictor of the probability of having another child. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted on 450 married men and women residing in Tehran, Iran in 2014. The Data collection tool included a self-structured questionnaire entailing a demographic information form, fertility intention, and gender preference-related data. The data were analyzed in SPSS Software (version 24) using cross tabulation estimation and logistic regression. Results: 22.2 of men and 17.11 of women were reported to be in favor of having daughter, while 12.9 of men and 14 of women preferred son. Moreover, gender preference was found to have no significant effect on fertility intention. However, the women with same-sex children were 3.17 times more likely to desire another child, compared to those who have different sex composition (OR=3.178, P value= 0.000). Furthermore, the men in the age groups of �30 and 31-40 desired to have another child, compared to older men. Conclusion: While a preference for son is rooted in Iranian culture, a new gender preference is emerging with a strong tendency toward having a girl. However, gender preference was not a driving force in the continuation of fertility in the context of low fertility of Tehran.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gender Preference,Sex Composition,Fertility Intention,Tehran,Iran
Subjects: WP Gynecology
WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Journals > Midwifery&Reproductive Health J
Depositing User: jmrh jmrh
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2019 09:04
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2019 09:04
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12124

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