Evaluation of Quality of Life, Anxiety and Depression in Children with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

Shiva, Farshid and Seifi, Najmeh and Yaghoubi, Monireh and Momenzadeh, Akram and Moradi, Arezoo and Darchini-Maragheh, Emadodin and Razmara, Mahdi and Hebrani, Paria and Layegh, Pouran (2019) Evaluation of Quality of Life, Anxiety and Depression in Children with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. International Journal of Pediatrics, 7 (6). pp. 9591-9600.

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Abstract

Background Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a common parasitic infectious disease which is distributed worldwide. Despite low morbidity rate, the disorder negatively impacts on psychological well-being and social life of patients. We aimed to evaluate the frequency of psychiatric morbidity including depression and anxiety levels as well as quality of life (QOL) in children with CL. Materials and Methods In this cross-sectional study, 42 children with CL who referred to the Leishmaniasis clinic of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran, were enrolled by the convenience sampling method. Levels of depression and anxiety were assessed with the Child Depression Inventory (CDI), and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventories for Children (STAIC), respectively. QOL was evaluated by means of Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI). Questionnaires were filled by parents according to the children�s answers. Results Forty-two patients including 29 girls (69.04), and 13 boys (30.95) with mean age of 9.10 ± 1.87 years were studied. According to the CDI scores, 13 patients (30.95) had depression disorder. Girls showed significantly more depression compared to boys (p = 0.021). According to the STAIC scores, 9 patients (21.42) had anxiety state, and 6 patients (14.28) had anxiety trait. Non-acceptable QOL was detected in 24 patients (57.14). Significant lower QOL was detected in patients with divorced parents (p = 0.038), and those who had lesions on head and neck compared to other parts of the body (p = 0.023). Conclusion Based on the results, CL in children leads to disturbed QOL and mental health including depression and anxiety among affected patients. Psychological survey of children with CL should be considered through interdisciplinary scrutiny that combines dermatological and psychiatric evaluations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anxiety,Depression,Children,Cutaneous Leishmaniasis,Quality of life
Subjects: WA Public Health
WR Dermatology
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2019 15:26
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 15:26
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12178

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