The Effects of Trans-Theoretical Model and Fear of Dental Care on Dental Cleaning Behavior among Students

Allahqoli, Leila and Nithyanantham, Vinnaras and Rahmani, Azam and Fallahi, Arezoo and Fathi, Marzieh and Azadi, Nammam Ali and Pashaei, Tahereh and Volken, Thomas (2019) The Effects of Trans-Theoretical Model and Fear of Dental Care on Dental Cleaning Behavior among Students. International Journal of Pediatrics, 7 (8). pp. 9853-9861.

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Abstract

Background: Fear of dental care prevents dental cleaning behavior and increases the prevalence of dental caries. This study was conducted to determine the effect of Trans-Theoretical Model constructs and fear of dental care on the dental cleaning behavior of students. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Sanandaj city, Iran, in 2017. Using multi-stage sampling, 1,344 male and female students were included in the study. They completed a self-report questionnaire, including demographic information, Trans-Theoretical Model constructs and fear of dental care. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 22.0). Results: A total of 1,344 male and female students with a mean age of 15.22±2.64 years participated in the study; from the perspective of students, dental caries (88.4) was the most frequent illness and tongue inflammation (0.6) was the least frequent disease.Overall, 32.9 of the students used no tools for cleaning their teeth. Fear of dental care and perceived barriers were reduced significantly during the stages of dental cleaning behavior (p<0.05) and perceived self-efficacy and perceived benefits were significantly increased (p<0.001). The odds of dental cleaning behavior increased with self-efficacy (OR=1.34, 95CI=1.22-1.48, p<0.05), and decreased with fear of dental care (OR=0.90, 95CI=0.80-0.98, p<0.01). Conclusion: The findings showed dental cleaning behavior among students was at a low level and various factors such as perceived self-efficacy, benefits and barriers and fear of dental care influenced its performance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Behavior,fear,Oral Health,Students,Trans-theoretical Model
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2019 11:31
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2019 11:31
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12221

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