Factors Affecting Child Labor in Iran: A Systematic Review

Ghahremani, Sara and Khosravifar, Shahrzad and Ghazanfarpour, Masumeh and Sahraei, Zahra and Saeidi, Abdolhadi and Jafarpour, Hamed and Khosravifar, Shaghayegh and Mirzaee, Firoozeh and Babakhanian, Masoudeh (2019) Factors Affecting Child Labor in Iran: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Pediatrics, 7 (9). pp. 10067-10075.

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Abstract

Background For decades, child labor has been an important global issue associated with inadequate educational opportunities, poverty and gender inequality. In order to make effective policies to reduce child labor it is important to understand the specific factors that affect it. We aimed to investigate the main factors affecting child labor n Iran. Materials and Methods There are authoritative websites on the topic of working children in Iran, including the WHO, UNFPA, UNDP, Web of Science, ProQuest, Medline, Scopus, and CINAHL databases for reviewing studies conducted in Iran. Articles from internal dissertations and Google's databases, SID, Magiran, and Iran Doc during the period 1985 to June 2019 were included. Quality of studies was reviewed by the STROBE checklist. Information was extracted by two blind researchers. Results A total of 9 studies were identified (including 17, 219 on child labor), the majority of which were cross-sectional. Affecting factors on child labor and Street children were grouped into four categories such as "Family problems", "Urbanization", "Social and Cultural", and "Personality". Conclusion In the contemporary Iranian society, many children, for some reasons including personal, family, social and cultural, and urbanization problems, are involved with important social damages such a child labor. These factors make children vulnerable and endanger the health of the community.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Children,labor,Iran,Systematic review
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2019 11:42
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2019 11:42
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12243

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