Women-only drug treatment services and needs in Iran: The first review of current literature

Alam-Mehrjerdi, Z. and Daneshmand, R. and Samiei, M. and Samadi, R. and Abdollahi, M. and Dolan, K. (2016) Women-only drug treatment services and needs in Iran: The first review of current literature. DARU, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 24 (1).

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Abstract

Background: Iran (Persia) has a women-only drug treatment system. However, literature is not documented. The current study aimed to review the development of women-only drug treatment and harm reduction services (WODTHRS) and the factors associated with treatment entry and outcomes in Iran. The review was based on a comprehensive search for all literature focusing on WODTHRS in Iran. Methods: Data were collected by conducting systematic searching of scientific English and Persian databases and grey literature. This was done in line with Cochrane Guideline for conducting systematic reviews. Overall, 19,929 studies were found. But, only 19 original studies were included after excluding non-relevant studies. Results: The review findings indicate how WODTHRS have been developed in the past 15 years. The review findings underscore the roles of numerous factors in treatment entry such as the side effects of illicit drug use. In addition, cognitive-behavioral interventions, methadone treatment and some factors outside drug treatment such as family support increase positive treatment outcomes among women. In contrast, financial problems as well as other factors such as insufficient medical, psychiatric and social work services hamper treatment entry and positive treatment outcomes. Conclusions: The review results highlight that eliminating barriers to treatment entry and positive treatment outcomes should be addressed. Conducting randomized controlled trials is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of WODTHRS. This issue should address the factors influencing service utilization to incorporate the best practice for women. The evaluation of the long-term efficacy of WODTHRS is a critical research gap which should be addressed in future studies. © 2016 Alam-mehrjerdi et al.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :9 Export Date: 16 February 2020 CODEN: DJTSF Correspondence Address: Daneshmand, R.; Substance Abuse and Dependence Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation SciencesIran; email: prof.reza.daneshmand@gmail.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drug Iran Methadone Persian Gulf Women illicit drug access to information cognitive behavioral therapy drug abuse drug dependence treatment family support financial deficit harm reduction health care disparity health care need health service high risk population human medical information motivation program development Review social stigma social support systematic review treatment outcome women only drug treatment harm reduction service cognitive therapy counseling female organization and management Substance-Related Disorders trends Humans Women's Health Services
Subjects: WP Gynecology
QV pharmacology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib4 lib4
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2020 09:57
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2020 09:57
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/12909

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