Phenomenography: A missed method in medical research

Assarroudi, A. and Heydari, A. (2016) Phenomenography: A missed method in medical research. Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis, 33 (3). pp. 217-225.

[img] Text
[Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis] Phenomenography A Missed Method in Medical Research.pdf

Download (476kB)


Research is an approach with which human beings can attempt to answer questions and discover the unknowns. Research methodology is something that is determined by the researcher's attitude toward the universe as well as by the question he is trying to answer. Some essential questions regarding the research process are: "What is the nature of reality?", "What is the nature of the relationship between the scholar and the subject of interest?", and "How can one understand the subject, and what are the methods?". Research approaches can be categorized as quantitative and qualitative. In the former, measurement, prediction, and control are the bases, while in the latter, exploring, describing, and explaining the phenomena are fundamental. Among qualitative research methods, phenomenography is one of the newest methods. However, in spite of proving to be useful in various disciplines, it has yet to become popular, and many scholars mistake it for phenomenology. The focus of phenomenography is on what is known as the second-order perspective and the different ways that people can experience the same phenomenon, while phenomenology primarily emphasizes the first-order perspective and the similar essences that are derived from various experiences. This article aims to provide a better understanding of phenomenography through explaining it and comparing it with phenomenology in order to facilitate its proper and timely application in medical studies. © Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis 2016.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :7 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Heydari, A.; Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email:
Uncontrolled Keywords: phenomenography phenomenology qualitative method cosmos error human medical research medicine prediction qualitative analysis qualitative research scientist
Subjects: W General medicine- Health professions
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib4 lib4
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2020 06:38
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2020 06:38

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item