Epidemiological study of cutaneous leishmaniasis in southwest of Iran during 2001–2011

Haddad, M. H. F. and Safaei, K. and Saki, A. and Haddad, R. F. (2016) Epidemiological study of cutaneous leishmaniasis in southwest of Iran during 2001–2011. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, 6 (6). pp. 432-436.

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Abstract

Objective To examine the prevalence process and epidemiological characteristics of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) during 2001–2011. Methods This was a cross-sectional epidemiologic study examining 2 637 patients with CL in Susangerd county during 2001–2011. The data of all patients who referred to the Prevention Unit of Susangerd Health Center were registered in CL epidemiologic data summary forms. The data and parameters included age, gender, occupation, season, residence (urban, rural), and lesion location. Results Out of 2 637 patients, 1 174 cases (44.5) were females and 1463 patients (55.5) were males. The maximum rate of infection was recorded in under 10-year-old age group (45.32) and its minimum rate was seen among those aged over 60 years (0.87). Among them, 1 557 patients (59.0) were living in urban and 1 080 (41.0) were in rural areas. The maximum and minimum occupational frequency distributions were seen in students (49.9) and farmers (0.6), respectively. The study showed that the maximum and minimum frequencies were observed in winter (52.33) and summer (7.62) correspondingly. The most lesion frequencies from lesion location point of view were related to hands (37.5), faces (30.0), feet (26.3) and other organs (6.2) and the number of lesions ranged from 1–5 and sized varied from 0.5–5.5 cm Conclusions Epidemiological parameters such as age, gender, occupation, season, residence (urban, rural) and lesion location in endemic regions have had significant effects on the prevalence of CL in Susangerd county and the findings can be effective for assessing disease prevention programs. In addition, CL might become a serious dermatological health problem in the near future due to a great population movement to the neighboring country Iraq with a high incidence to an endemic area. © 2016 Asian Pacific Tropical Medicine Press

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Safaei, K.; Department of Parasitology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Tel: +98 (61) 33333477, Fax: +98 (61) 33361544, Iran; email: kh.safaie@yahoo.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cutaneous leishmaniasis Epidemiology Prevalence process Southwest of Iran abdomen adolescent adult age distribution agricultural worker arm Article back child cross-sectional study ear face female foot gender hand human incidence infant infection rate Iran leg lesion location major clinical study male neck occupation prevalence priority journal rural area school child seasonal variation skin defect skin leishmaniasis summer symptom urban area winter
Subjects: WR Dermatology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib4 lib4
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 08:17
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 08:17
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/13015

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