Distribution of intraocular pressure and its determinants in an Iranian adult population

Hashemi, H. and Khabazkhoob, M. and Emamian, M. H. and Shariati, M. and Yekta, A. and Fotouhi, A. (2016) Distribution of intraocular pressure and its determinants in an Iranian adult population. International Journal of Ophthalmology, 9 (8). pp. 1207-1214.

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Abstract

AIM: To determine the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) and its determinants in an Iranian population. • METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, random cluster sampling was conducted from the 40-64 years old population of Shahroud, in the north of Iran. All participants had optometry and ophthalmic exams. IOP was determined using the Goldmann tonometry method and biometric components were measured. • RESULTS: Of the 6311 people selected for the study, 5190 (82.2) participated. The mean age of the participants was 50.9±6.2y and 58.7 of them were female. Mean IOP was 12.87 ±2.27 mm Hg. In this study 0.3 of the participants had an IOP higher than 21 mm Hg. The multiple linear regression model revealed that sex (Coef=-0.30; 95 CI:-0.43 to-0.17), diabetes (Coef = 0.43; 95 CI: 0.19 to 0.67), high systolic blood pressure (Coef=0.02; 95 CI: 0.01 to 0.02), high body mass index (BMI) (Coef=0.03; 95 CI: 0.01 to 0.04), higher education (Coef=0.02, 95 CI: 0.01 to 0.04), thicker central corneal thickness (Coef=0.01; 95 CI: 0.01 to 0.02), and myopic shift in spherical equivalent (Coef=-0.14; 95 CI:-0.18 to-0.10) significantly correlated with high IOP. • CONCLUSION: The IOP in this 40-64 years old population is low overall. In the north of Iran, average IOP is statistically significantly correlated with female sex, diabetes, higher BMI, systolic blood pressure, higher education, thicker cornea, and myopic refractive error. © 2016 International Journal of Ophthalmology (c/o Editorial Office). All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :1 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Fotouhi, A.; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical SciencesIran; email: afotouhi@tums.ac.ir
Uncontrolled Keywords: Distribution Intraocular pressure Middle-east Risk factors
Subjects: WW Ophthalmology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib4 lib4
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 07:07
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 07:07
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/13025

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