Incidence and mortality of prostate cancer and their relationship with the Human Development Index worldwide

Hassanipour-Azgomi, S. and Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A. and Ghoncheh, M. and Towhidi, F. and Jamehshorani, S. and Salehiniya, H. (2016) Incidence and mortality of prostate cancer and their relationship with the Human Development Index worldwide. Prostate International, 4 (3). pp. 118-124.

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Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and mortality of prostate cancer and their relationship with the Human Development Index (HDI) and its components in Asia in 2012. Methods This study was an ecological study conducted based on the GLOBOCAN project of the World Health Organization. The correlation between standardized incidence rate (SIR) and standardized mortality rate (SMR) of prostate cancer with HDI and its components was assessed using SPSS Inc Version 18.0 (Chicago). Results There were 1,094,916 incident cases of prostate cancer and 307,481 deaths recorded in 2012 worldwide. SIR and SMR due to HDI were 72 and 9.7 in very high human development regions, 37.5 and 12.9 in high human development regions, 7 and 3.7 in medium human development regions, and 14.9 and 12.1 in low human development regions per 100,000 people, respectively. A positive correlation of 0.475 was seen between SIR of prostate cancer and HDI (P ≤ 0.001). Also, a negative correlation of 0.160 was seen between SMR of prostate cancer and HDI (P = 0.032). Conclusion The incidence of prostate cancer is high in countries with higher development. A positive correlation was observed between the SIR of prostate cancer and the HDI and its components, such as life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, and the gross national income per capita. In addition, there was a negative correlation between SMR and HDI. © 2016

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :29 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Salehiniya, H.; Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical SciencesIran; email:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Development Incidence Mortality Prostate cancer Article assessment of humans Australia Bahamas Bangladesh Barbados Brazil Burundi Canada cancer incidence cancer mortality China Dominican Republic educational status France French Polynesia Germany gross national income Guinea Haiti human Human Development Index India Ireland Italy Japan life expectancy major clinical study male Martinique New Caledonia Nigeria Norway priority journal Russian Federation social status Spain Sri Lanka standardized incidence ratio Sweden Switzerland Tajikistan Trinidad and Tobago Turkmenistan Uganda United Kingdom United States Uzbekistan world health organization Yemen
Subjects: WJ Urogenital System
QZ pathology-neoplasms-Genetics
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib4 lib4
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 07:11
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 07:11

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