Health Consequences of Environmental Exposures: Changing Global Patterns of Exposure and Disease

Landrigan, P. J. and Sly, J. L. and Ruchirawat, M. and Silva, E. R. and Huo, X. and Diaz-Barriga, F. and Zar, H. J. and King, M. and Ha, E. H. and Asante, K. A. and Ahanchian, H. and Sly, P. D. (2016) Health Consequences of Environmental Exposures: Changing Global Patterns of Exposure and Disease. Annals of Global Health, 82 (1). pp. 10-19.

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S2214999616000060-main.pdf

Download (156kB)

Abstract

Environmental pollution is a major cause of disease and death. Exposures in early life are especially dangerous. Patterns of exposure vary greatly across countries. In low-income and lower middle income countries (LMICs), infectious, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional diseases are still major contributors to disease burden. By contrast, in upper middle income and high-income countries noncommunicable diseases predominate. To examine patterns of environmental exposure and disease and to relate these patterns to levels of income and development, we obtained publically available data in 12 countries at different levels of development through a global network of World Health Organization Collaborating Centres in Children's Environmental Health. Pollution exposures in early life contribute to both patterns. Chemical and pesticide pollution are increasing, especially in LMICs. Hazardous wastes, including electronic waste, are accumulating. Pollution-related chronic diseases are becoming epidemic. Future Global Burden of Disease estimates must pay increased attention to the short- and long-term consequences of environmental pollution. © 2016 The Authors

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :23 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Sly, P.D.Australia; email: p.sly@uq.edu.au
Uncontrolled Keywords: children low and middle income countries non-communicable disease pollution publich health pesticide asthma behavior disorder country economic status electronic waste environmental disease environmental exposure environmental health hazardous waste human low income country non communicable disease nutritional disorder public health respiratory tract infection Review communicable disease global health world health organization Communicable Diseases Environmental Pollution Humans
Subjects: W General medicine- Health professions
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib4 lib4
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 04:46
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 04:46
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/13070

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item