Obsessive-compulsive disorder in hospitalized patients with schizophrenia

Samiei, M. and Hedayati, K. and Ardekani, A. M. and Dolatshahi, B. and Daneshmand, R. and Samadi, R. (2016) Obsessive-compulsive disorder in hospitalized patients with schizophrenia. Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, 7 (4). pp. 323-330.

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Abstract

Introduction: Comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been reported among patients with schizophrenia in other countries. But, the literature is not well-documented on this issue in Iran (Persia). The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and severity of OCD and some of its related factors in a group of patients with schizophrenia in Iran. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 150 hospitalized patients with schizophrenia were recruited at Razi Psychiatric Hospital in Tehran, Iran. Demographic and clinical checklists, as well as the Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale (Y-BOCS), scale for assessment of negative symptoms (SANS), and scale for assessment of positive symptoms (SAPS) were administered to collect data. OCD was the dependent variable and independent variables included age, sex, severity of positive and negative symptoms, duration of schizophrenic disorder, the number of hospitalizations, and antipsychotic medications administered to them. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA), Chi-square, and T-test. Results: Overall, 31.3 of patients had OCD with an average severity of 12.81(SD=10.27). The prevalence of OCD was not affected by the number of psychiatric hospitalizations for schizophrenia or the duration of schizophrenic disorder. The severity of OCD significantly reduced as the duration of schizophrenia and the severity of negative symptoms increased. Conclusion: OCD was found among a considerable proportion of the study sample. OCD may be associated with exacerbating schizophrenic symptoms. Therefore, psychiatrists should consider the simultaneous treatment of OCD and schizophrenia. Further studies are suggested in this issue.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :3 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Daneshmand, R.; Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email: daneshmand74@yahoo.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: Iran Obsessive-compulsive symptoms Persian Gulf Schizophrenia neuroleptic agent adult age Article comorbidity controlled study cross-sectional study disease association disease duration disease severity drug use female hospital patient hospitalization human major clinical study male negative syndrome obsessive compulsive disorder positive syndrome prevalence scale for assessment of negative symptom scale for assessment of positive symptom schizophrenia assessment sex ratio Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib4 lib4
Date Deposited: 29 Feb 2020 07:22
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2020 07:22
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/13190

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