Air kerma strength characterization of a GZP6 Cobalt-60 brachytherapy source

Toossi, M. T. B. and Ghorbani, M. and Mowlavi, A. A. and Taheri, M. and Layegh, M. and Makhdoumi, Y. and Meigooni, A. S. (2010) Air kerma strength characterization of a GZP6 Cobalt-60 brachytherapy source. Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy, 15 (6). pp. 190-194.

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Background: Task group number 40 (TG-40) of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) has recommended calibration of any brachytherapy source before its clinical use. GZP6 afterloading brachytherapy unit is a 60Co high dose rate (HDR) system recently being used in some of the Iranian radiotherapy centers. Aim: In this study air kerma strength (AKS) of 60Co source number three of this unit was estimated by Monte Carlo simulation and in air measurements. Materials and methods: Simulation was performed by employing the MCNP-4C Monte Carlo code. Self-absorption of the source core and its capsule were taken into account when calculating air kerma strength. In-air measurements were performed according to the multiple distance method; where a specially designed jig and a 0.6cm3 Farmer type ionization chamber were used for the measurements. Monte Carlo simulation, in air measurement and GZP6 treatment planning results were compared for primary air kerma strength (as for November 8th 2005). Results: Monte Carlo calculated and in air measured air kerma strength were respectively equal to 17240.01μGym2h-1 and 16991.83μGym2h-1. The value provided by the GZP6 treatment planning system (TPS) was "15355μGym2h-1" Conclusion: The calculated and measured AKS values are in good agreement. Calculated-TPS and measured-TPS AKS values are also in agreement within the uncertainties related to our calculation, measurements and those certified by the GZP6 manufacturer. Considering the uncertainties, the TPS value for AKS is validated by our calculations and measurements, however, it is incorporated with a large uncertainty. © 2010 Greater Poland Cancer Centre, Poland.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :17 Export Date: 16 February 2020 CODEN: RPORA Correspondence Address: Ghorbani, M.; Medical Physics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; email:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Air kerma strength HDR system In air measurement MCNP 4C Monte Carlo code cobalt 60 air article brachytherapy calculation Monte Carlo method radiation dose treatment planning validation therapy
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib4 lib4
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2020 05:31
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2020 05:31

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