Hepatoprotective effect of Rosa canina fruit extract against carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in rat

Sadeghi, Heibatollah and Hosseinzadeh, Abdol Saleh and Akbartabar Touri, Mehdi and Ghavamzadeh, Mehdi and Jafari Barmak, Mehrzad and Sadeghi, Hossein and sayahi, Moslem (2016) Hepatoprotective effect of Rosa canina fruit extract against carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in rat. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine, 6 (2). pp. 181-188.

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Abstract

Objective: The present study was conducted to investigate the hepatoprotective activity of hydro-ethanolic fruit extract of Rosa canina (R. canina) against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Methods: Male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into six groups of 8 animals of each, including control, toxic (CCl4), R. canina 250, 500, and 750 mg/kg + CCl4 and R. canina 750 mg/kg alone. R. canina (p.o., daily) and CCl4 (1 ml/kg twice a week, 50 v/v in olive oil, i.p.) were administered to animals for six weeks. Serum analysis was performed to assay the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine amino transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), albumin (ALB), total protein (TP) and malondialdehyde (MDA). Biochemical observations were also supplemented with histopathological examination (haematoxylin and eosin staining) of liver section.Results: Hepatotoxicity was evidenced by considerable increase in serum levels of AST, ALT, ALP, and lipid peroxidation (MDA) and decrease in levels of ALB and TP. Injection of CCL4 also induced congestion in central vein, and lymphocyte in�ltration. Treatment with hydro-alcoholic fruit extract of R. canina at doses of 500 and 750 mg/kg significantly reduced CCl4-elevated levels of ALT, AST, ALP and MDA (p<01). The extract also increased the serum levels of ALB and TP compared to CCl4 group (p<01) at the indicated dose Histopathological studies supported the biochemical finding. Conclusion: our finding indicated hepatoprotective effects of the hydro-alcoholic fruit extract of R. canina on CCl4-induced hepatic damage in rats and suggested that theses effect may be produced through reducing oxidative stress.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: W General medicine- Health professions
Divisions: Journals > Avicenna J Phytomedicine
Depositing User: ajp ajp
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 12:00
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2017 12:00
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1468

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