Effectiveness of acceptance-commitment therapy on anxiety and depression among patients on methadone treatment: A pilot study

Saedy, M. and Kooshki, S. and Firouzabadi, M. J. and Emamipour, S. and Rezaei Ardani, A. (2015) Effectiveness of acceptance-commitment therapy on anxiety and depression among patients on methadone treatment: A pilot study. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 9 (1).

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Abstract

Background: Substance dependence disorder is a psychiatric disorders with different factors that influence its nature, severity, outcome, and treatment options. Objectives: This study evaluates the effectiveness of Acceptance-Commitment Therapy (ACT) to decrease anxiety and depression in patients with opioid dependencies who are undergoing methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Materials and Methods: The present study was done in Mashhad from 2011-2012. Twenty-eight patients (18-50 yr) with opioid dependency who were on MMT were selected using purposive sampling and were divided equally between case and control groups. The case group received 8 sessions of individual psychotherapy with ACT. The level of depression and anxiety of these patients were measured using the Beck Depression Inventory-II and Beck Anxiety Inventory before the initiation of ACT as a pretest, 2 weeks after the termination of ACT as the posttest, and 3-months after the termination as a follow-up. The collected data was analyzed with SPSS (ver. 20) using χ2, paired t-test, ANOVA, and MANOVA. Results: The pretest-posttest-follow up of anxiety showed no significant differences between the two groups (P = 0.05); however, the case group had lower depression scores in the posttest and follow-up than the control group (P = 0.04). Evaluating the results of the case group revealed that depression significantly decreased in the posttest group when compared to the pretest (P = 0.01) and there were no significant decreases in the follow up compared to the pretest (P = 0.34). Conclusion: Short-term ACT for opioid dependent patients on MMT are not associated with a significant decrease in the level of anxiety; however, it is associated with a significant decrease in the level of depression. Nonetheless, this reduction was not maintained long term. © 2015, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :7 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Rezaei Ardani, A.; Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email: rezaeia@mums.ac.ir
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acceptance and commitment therapy Anxiety Depression Opioid-related disorders adult analysis of variance Article Beck Anxiety Inventory Beck Depression Inventory clinical article controlled study female follow up human maintenance therapy male methadone treatment multivariate analysis of variance opiate addiction pilot study psychotherapy quasi experimental study Student t test
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib5 lib5
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2020 07:00
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2020 07:00
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/16596

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