The incidence of needle stick and sharp injuries and their associations with visual function among hospital nurses

Ghasemi, M. and Khabazkhoob, M. and Hashemi, H. and Yekta, A. and Nabovati, P. (2017) The incidence of needle stick and sharp injuries and their associations with visual function among hospital nurses. Journal of Current Ophthalmology, 29 (3). pp. 214-220.

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Abstract

Purpose To determine the one-year incidence of needle stick and sharp injuries (NSIs and SIs) and their associations with visual function among Iranian nurses. Methods In this cross-sectional study, 278 nurses working at one hospital were selected through stratified random sampling. After applying the exclusion criteria, the final analysis was performed on the data of 267 nurses. The data of occupational injuries were collected through a researcher-administered questionnaire. Visual function indices including distance and near best corrected visual acuities (BCVAs), color vision, stereoacuity, distance and near heterophorias, accommodative amplitude and facility, contrast sensitivity (CS) for high and low spatial frequencies (SFs), near point of convergence (NPC), saccadic and pursuit eye movements, distance and near convergence and divergence fusional reserves and peripheral vision were evaluated through optometric examinations using standard protocols. Results The one-year incidence of NSIs and SIs was 41.2 95% Confidence interval (CI): 35.3–47.1 and 19.1% (95% CI: 14.4–23.8), respectively. Color vision deficiency, pursuit deficiency, abnormal near heterophoria, and decreased CS for high SF had a significant association with the increased incidence of NSIs with odds ratios of 3.26, 2.32, and 1.35, respectively. Moreover, saccadic deficiency, abnormal near heterophoria, and decreased near fusional divergence reserve were significantly associated with the increased incidence of SIs with odds ratios of 2.42, 2.40, and 1.27, respectively. Conclusions Our findings showed a relatively high incidence of NSIs and SIs in Iranian nurses and their associations with some visual function indices. Therefore, pre-employment and periodic visual examinations are recommended to detect and remove the corresponding visual risk factors. Moreover, preventive strategies should be adopted to decrease the occurrence of the aforementioned injuries. © 2017 Iranian Society of Ophthalmology

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :1 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Nabovati, P.; Health Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical SciencesIran; email: nabovatipayam@yahoo.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: Needle stick injuries Nurses Sharp injuries Visual function adult Article best corrected visual acuity color vision contrast sensitivity controlled study cross-sectional study distance convergence distance heterophoria eye tracking female human incidence Iran Iranian people male near convergence near fusional divergence reserve near heterophoria near point of convergence needlestick injury nurse optometry peripheral vision saccadic eye movement sharps injury stereoacuity vision visual system parameters
Subjects: WW Ophthalmology
WY Nursing
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib3 lib3
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2020 08:21
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2020 08:21
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/16828

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