The prevalence of asthenopia and its Determinants among schoolchildren

Hashemi, H. and Khabazkhoob, M. and Forouzesh, S. and Nabovati, P. and Yekta, A. A. and Ostadimoghaddam, H. (2017) The prevalence of asthenopia and its Determinants among schoolchildren. Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics, 8 (1).

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Objectives: The current study aimed at determining asthenopia prevalence and its associated factors in a population of high school students. Methods: In the current cross sectional study, samples were selected from high school students (range, 12 to 18 years) in Kermanshah city, Iran, through stratified cluster sampling. Any person with at least 1 symptom was considered to have asthenopia. Results: Of the 1070 selected samples, 1040 participated, and examinations were completed for 901 students. The prevalence of asthenopia was 49.4 (45.7 to 53.2). The prevalence of asthenopia was 62.8 (51.9 to 73.8) and 47.7 (43.8 to 51.7) in males and females, respectively (P = 0.013). Asthenopia prevalence increased from 21.4 in 12-year-old to 63.9 in 18-year-old cases (P < 0.001). The most common symptom in the study was tearing (20.03) and eye pain (19.88) during near-work and reading. Conclusions: The prevalence of asthenopia in this student population was high. Since asthenopia can interfere with near-work, its treatment merits high importance in school-age children. © 2017, Iranian Society of Pediatrics.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :3 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Yekta, A.A.; Department of Optometry, School of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asthenopia Cross sectional study Middle-East Schoolchildren
Subjects: WS Pediatrics
WW Ophthalmology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib3 lib3
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2020 07:20
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2020 07:20

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