Elongated styloid process: Is it a pathologic condition

Anbiaee, N. and Javadzadeh, A. (2011) Elongated styloid process: Is it a pathologic condition. Indian Journal of Dental Research, 22 (5). pp. 673-677.

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Abstract

Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate the length, morphology, and calcification patterns of the elongated stylohyoid process (ESP) on panoramic radiographs and to investigate the symptoms related to it. We then addressed the question: Is ESP a pathologic condition or a physiologic phenomenon Materials and Methods: In this study, 207 stylohyoid complexes were evaluated based on length, radiographic appearance, and calcification pattern on panoramic radiographs. Similar to previous studies, we considered 30 mm as a threshold for elongation of the process. Complexes were classified into two groups based on length: ESP (greater than or equal to 30 mm) and normal (less than 30 mm). Clinical symptoms were evaluated by using a questionnaire and clinical examination. Data were analyzed by the Kolmogorov-Smilonov test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Spearman correlation. Results: The average length of the stylohyoid complex was 31.7 mm. The median was 30.0 mm and corresponded to the threshold for the ESP. The Spearman correlation between the length of the complex and age was 0.323 (P=0.0001). "Continuous" and "calcified outline" were the most frequent morphology and calcification pattern, respectively, for both groups. Clinical symptoms related to ESP were not detected. Conclusion: Classification of the stylohyoid complexes based on apparent length on panoramic radiographs in elongated and normal types appears to be incorrect. Considering that the radiographic appearance of the ESP and normal groups was similar and pathologic symptoms were not detected and that there was a relationship between age and length of the complex, elongation of this complex can be considered as a physiologic phenomenon.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :14 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Anbiaee, N.; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Mashhad, Iran; email: anbiaeen1@gmail.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcification panoramic radiography stylohyoid complex adolescent adult age aged article bone mineralization cephalometry child classification cross-sectional study dizziness female headache human male middle aged pathology physiology radiography temporal bone Age Factors Aged, 80 and over Calcification, Physiologic Cross-Sectional Studies Humans Radiography, Panoramic Young Adult
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
QZ pathology-neoplasms-Genetics
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib7 lib7
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2020 16:31
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2020 16:31
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/16925

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