The rate of demineralization in the teeth prepared by bur and Er:YAG laser

Abbasi, M. and Nakhostin, A. and Namdar, F. and Chiniforush, N. and Tabatabaei, M. H. (2018) The rate of demineralization in the teeth prepared by bur and Er:YAG laser. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences, 9 (2). pp. 82-86.

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Introduction: The present in vitro study evaluated the recurrence rate of caries following cavity preparations with bur (conventional technique) and irradiation by Erbium:Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet (Er:YAG) laser through micro hardness test. Methods: A total of 72 human extracted molars were randomly divided into 3 groups and class 5 cavities were prepared on them with 3 different methods: G1) conventional bur, G2) Er:YAG laser irradiation alone and G3) laser irradiation + laser treatment. The specimens were immersed in the artificial caries solution with pH of 2.0 and 5.0 (12 days) and then immersed in re-mineralizing solution with pH of 7.0 (25 days). The specimens were longitudinally sectioned and their Vickers micro hardness was determined. Data were statistically analyzed by means of three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey multiple comparisons tests. Results: The micro hardness of the samples was affected by substrate type (enamel and dentin) and low values were achieved in dentin (P > 0.001). Moreover, no significant difference was observed between preparation methods by bar and laser irradiation alone (P ≥ 0.499). Although laser irradiation + laser treatment decreased micro hardness of enamel compared to other methods. In dentin samples, different methods of preparation showed no significant effect on micro hardness (P ≥ 0.874). Conclusion: Due to the similar values of micro hardness following G1 and G2, it seems that Er:YAG laser alone is as much effective as the conventional bur to prevent recurrence caries. However, because of the high prices of laser instruments, bur preparations can be done commonly. © 2018, Laser Application in Medical Sciences Research Center.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Tabatabaei, M.H.; Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical SciencesIran; email:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bur preparation Er:YAG laser Micro hardness
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: lib2 lib2 lib2
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2020 06:32
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2020 06:32

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