Nigella sativa prevented liver and renal tissue damage in lipopolysaccharide-treated rats

Beheshti, F. and Norouzi, F. and Abareshi, A. and Khazaei, M. and Alikhani, V. and Moussavi, S. and Biglari, G. and Soukhtanloo, M. and Hosseini, M. (2018) Nigella sativa prevented liver and renal tissue damage in lipopolysaccharide-treated rats. Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia, 29 (3). pp. 554-566.

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Abstract

Liver and renal dysfunction accompanying with the tissues' oxidative damage has been reported to occur during Inflammation. Nigella sativa has been well known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study was to investigate preventive effects of N. sativa on liver and renal tissue damage in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) -treated rats. The rats were divided into five groups: (1) control; (2) LPS (1 mg/kg, IP, for 10 days), (3-5) N. sativa hydroethanolic extract (100, 200, or 400 mg/kg) before LPS. Compared to LPS group, treatment by the extract decreased alondialdehyde, nitric oxide (NO) metabolites, and interleukin-6 while increased thiol content and superoxide dismutase and catalase activities in both renal and liver tissues. N. sativa extract also decreased serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotrans-ferase, and alkaline phosphatase concentration, while it increased serum protein and albumin compared with LPS group. In LPS group, serum blood urea nitrogen and creatinine were higher than control group. The extract reversed the negative effects of LPS. The results demonstrated that the N. sativa prevented liver and renal tissue damage in LPS-treated rats. It is suggested that the effects are due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :2 Export Date: 16 February 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: antioxidant lipopolysaccharide plant extract animal black cumin chemistry drug effect kidney kidney disease liver male oxidative stress rat toxic hepatitis Wistar rat Animals Antioxidants Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury Kidney Diseases Lipopolysaccharides Nigella sativa Plant Extracts Rats Rats, Wistar
Subjects: WI Digestive System
WJ Urogenital System
QV pharmacology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: lib2 lib2 lib2
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2020 07:58
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2020 07:58
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/17235

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