Plant toxins and acute medicinal plant poisoning in children: A systematic literature review

Ghorani-Azam, A. and Sepahi, S. and Riahi-Zanjani, B. and Ghamsari, A. A. and Mohajeri, S. A. and Balali-Mood, M. (2018) Plant toxins and acute medicinal plant poisoning in children: A systematic literature review. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 23 (3).

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Background: For many years, medicinal plants and herbal therapy have been widely used in different societies for the treatment of various diseases. Besides their therapeutic potency, some of the medicinal plants have strong toxicity in human, especially in children and elderly. Despite common beliefs that natural products are safe, there have been few reports on their toxicities. Materials and Methods: In the present study, we aimed to systematically review the literature wherein acute plant poisoning and herbal intoxication have been reported in pediatric patients. After literature search and selection of the appropriate documents, the desired data were extracted and described qualitatively. Results: A total of 127 articles with overall 1453 intoxicated cases were collected. The results of this study showed that some medicinal plants can cause acute poisoning and complications such as hepatic and renal failure in children. Conclusion: The findings of this survey showed that acute plant poisoning can be life-threatening in children, and since a single-ingested dose of toxic plants can cause acute poisoning, parents should be aware of these toxic effects and compare the side effects of self-medication with its potential benefits. © 2018 Journal of Research in Medical Sciences.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :3 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Balali-Mood, M.; Medical Toxicology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Herbal medicine Medicinal plant Pediatrics Poisoning Toxicology cannabis plant toxin acute kidney failure central nervous system child cinnamon data synthesis drug intoxication human humboldtiana intoxication Karwinskia Lavandula angustifolia liver toxicity nonhuman Review
Subjects: WS Pediatrics
QV pharmacology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: lib2 lib2 lib2
Date Deposited: 20 May 2020 04:55
Last Modified: 20 May 2020 04:55

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