Nutrients intake, and serum calcium and phosphorus levels: An evidence-based study

Jafari Giv, Z. and Avan, A. and Hamidi, F. and Tayefi, M. and Khayyatzadeh, S. S. and Javandoost, A. and Nematy, M. and Ferns, G. A. and Mobarhan, M. G. (2018) Nutrients intake, and serum calcium and phosphorus levels: An evidence-based study. Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis, 32 (2).

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Abstract

Introduction: Dietary calcium and phosphorus appear to be important determinants of dyslipidemia and hypertension. We have investigated (1) the prevalence of hypocalcemia and hypophosphatemia in an Iranian population, and (2) the association between nutrient's intake and serum levels of calcium and phosphorus. Methods: A total of 908 individuals were enrolled using a stratified-cluster sampling method from the Mashhad stroke and heart atherosclerosis disorder (MASHHAD) study. Dietplan6 software was used for 24-hour recalls and food frequency questionnaire to investigate macro- and micronutrient intakes of our population, followed by univariate analysis for evaluation of the association of dairy consumption with serum calcium and phosphorus. Results: We observed that the mean dietary Ca intake was 862.4 mg/d (672.7-1052) for men and 864.2 mg/d (604.5-1123) for women in our population, which is lower than the dietary reference intake for Ca. Moreover, a significant relationship was detected between serum calcium level and dietary intakes of saturated fatty acids, copper, iodine, sucrose, potato, and juices. Of note, we observed a negative association between copper intake, and serum Ca (P˂.01). Also, a significant association was found between serum phosphorus levels and dietary intakes of chicken meat and fresh fruits. Interestingly, we observed an inverse relationship between tea and Ca/P ratio (eg, -r=.098; P=.02). Conclusion: We found that the dietary intake of Ca was not sufficient in our population and was associated with the dietary intake of some macro- and micronutrient, supporting further investigation on clinical impact of this condition on calcium/phosphorus deficiency related diseases. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 February 2020 CODEN: JCANE Correspondence Address: Hamidi, F.; Section of Physiology, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of MashhadIran; email: Farshidhamidi@um.ac.ir
Uncontrolled Keywords: calcium dairy consumption phosphorus population copper iodine saturated fatty acid sucrose Article beverage calcium blood level controlled study dairy product dietary intake female food frequency questionnaire human hypocalcemia hypophosphatemia Iranian people macronutrient male nutrient uptake nutritional status phosphate blood level potato prevalence blood diet feeding behavior statistics and numerical data Dairy Products Humans
Subjects: WB Practice of Medicine
QU Biochemistry
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: lib2 lib2 lib2
Date Deposited: 12 May 2020 03:13
Last Modified: 12 May 2020 03:13
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/17342

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