A cross-sectional analysis of intestinal parasitic infections among the general population in north of Iran

Pagheh, A. S. and Sharif, M. and Daryani, A. and Yazdani-Charati, J. and Nazar, E. and Asfaram, S. and Hosseini, S. A. and Tork, M. and Soosaraie, M. and Syadatpanah, A. and Gholami, S. and Mirshafiee, S. and Sarvi, S. (2018) A cross-sectional analysis of intestinal parasitic infections among the general population in north of Iran. Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 12 (2). pp. 120-126.

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Abstract

Introduction: Intestinal parasitic infection (IPIs) is one of the most important health problems in the developing countries. Study on the prevalence of IPIs in various communities is a prerequisite for the development of appropriate control strategies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of intestinal parasites among the general population in Mazandaran province, northern Iran. Methodology: This study was conducted on 4,788 specimens collected from 17 urban areas (2,515 samples) and 34 rural areas (2,273 samples) within January-December 2016. Fecal specimens were examined by direct wet mounting, formalin-ether concentration, modified Ziehl– Neelsen, and trichrome staining methods. Results: The overall infection rate of intestinal parasite was 14.2 (680/ 4,788). Blastocystis hominis and Giardia lamblia were identified as the most frequent parasites. Protozoa, helminths, and polyparasitism (co-infections with two or more parasite species) were observed in 12.3, 1.03, and 0.85 of the specimens, respectively. Furthermore, IPIs showed a significant association with household income, place of residence, washing of vegetables, exposure to soil and season (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Based on the findings, parasitic infections are still a major public health concern in the north of Iran that requires special attention. Therefore, the major key to success in the prevention of IPIs is the execution of some interventions, including patient screening and treatment, public education, and improvement of sanitary conditions. © 2018 Pagheh et al.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Sarvi, S.; Medical Parasitology, Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 18 Km of Khazar Abad Road, PO Box 48175-1665, Iran; email: shahabesarvi@yahoo.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: General population Helminths Intestinal parasitic infection Iran Protozoa adult Article Blastocystis hominis cross-sectional study Entamoeba coli feces feces analysis female giardiasis helminth human Hymenolepis nana infection rate intestine parasite male parasitosis population prevalence protozoon questionnaire risk factor rural area Strongyloides stercoralis Trichostrongylus urban area
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases
WI Digestive System
QX Parasitology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: lib2 lib2 lib2
Date Deposited: 07 May 2020 09:27
Last Modified: 07 May 2020 09:27
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/17459

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