Preventive effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Rosa damascena on cardiovascular parameters in acute hypertensive rats induced by angiotensin II

Rahimi, M. and Ghoreshi, M. and Emami, B. and Shafei, M. and Hosseini, M. and Khajavirad, A. (2018) Preventive effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Rosa damascena on cardiovascular parameters in acute hypertensive rats induced by angiotensin II. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 9 (1).

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Abstract

Background: Rosa damascena (R.D) is an aromatic plant with numerous therapeutic effects including cardiovascular effect. The mechanism cardiovascular effect of R.D is unclear and suggested mediated through renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Therefore, in this study, the role of hydroalcoholic extract of R.D on acute hypertension induced by AngII was evaluated. Methods: After anesthesia, femoral artery and vein of rats were cannulated for recording cardiovascular responses and drug injection, respectively. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) were recorded continuously by power lab software. Rats were divided into saline, AngII (50 ng/kg), AngII + Losartan (10 mg/kg), and three groups of R.D extract (250, 500, and 1000 mg/kg). Losartan and AngII were administered intravenously and the other ones intraperitoneal. In the R.D groups, 30 min after injection of the extract, AngII was injected and the maximum changes in SBP, MAP, and HR were calculated and compared to that in control and AngII groups. Results: Results show that AngII significantly increased SBP, MAP, and decreased HR than the control group which was blocked by losartan. SBP and MAP in R.D + AngII groups were significantly lower than AngII alone (P < 0.05 -P < 0.001). Only MAP in higher dose (1000 mg/kg) was significantly lower than low dose (250 mg/kg; P < 0.05). Two higher doses also significantly decreased bradycardia induced by AngII (P < 0. 01). Conclusions: The preventive effect of hydroalcoholic extract of R.D on cardiovascular parameters maybe is mediated by suppression of AngII activity. © 2018 International Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Shafei, M.; Neurogenic Inflammation Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email: shafeimn@mums.ac.ir
Uncontrolled Keywords: Angiotensin II blood pressure heart rate rennin-angiotensin system Rosa damascena cardiovascular agent hydroalcoholic extract losartan plant extract unclassified drug anesthesia animal experiment animal model Article bradycardia cardiovascular parameters cardiovascular response comparative study controlled study evaluation study femoral artery femoral vein heart protection hypertension male mean arterial pressure nonhuman rat systolic blood pressure
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
QV pharmacology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: lib2 lib2 lib2
Date Deposited: 06 May 2020 13:05
Last Modified: 06 May 2020 13:05
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/17474

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