Evaluating the pattern of anabolic androgenic steroid use and its relation with mental health of male members of bodybuilding Clubsof Iran, in 2015

Saeidinejat, S. and Hooshmand, E. and Zahra, H. and Najar, A. V. (2018) Evaluating the pattern of anabolic androgenic steroid use and its relation with mental health of male members of bodybuilding Clubsof Iran, in 2015. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 9 (1).

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Abstract

Background: Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are currently used by many athletes for skeletal muscle development. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of AAS use among bodybuilder athletes in Iran at 2015. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study 384 bodybuilders filled the study questionnaire evaluating age, education, and age at AAS use as underlying variables; pattern of AAS use as independent variable; and knowledge about AAS side effects and the relation between mental health and AASuse as dependent variables. Data was analyzed by SPSS using frequency tables, mean and standard deviation, chi-2, t-test, analysis of variances and regression. Results: Among 920 participants, 104 (11.3) were current users, and 210 (22.8) had the history of usage. Physical attraction was reason of use in 57.6 and increasing power and ability to enter professional sport were reasons for use in 44 participants each (21.2). The marital status, age and education level did not have significant effects on AAS use. Friends (76.7) and coaches (67.4) had significant correlation with AAS use in participants (P < 0.000). The simultaneous use of alcohol (46.5) and smoking (27.9) among AAS users was significant (P < 0.001). Only 4.7 of participants had proper information about AAS side effects. Conclusions: The participants had little knowledge about AAS side effects, therefore educating adolescents and youth in high schools and universities, and also in sports clubs is necessary. Periodical assessment of coaches and athletes with regard to AAS use, and proper law enforcement in this regard is important. © 2017, Asian Journal of Sports Medicine.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :1 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Najar, A.V.; Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email: vafaeea@mums.ac.ir
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anabolic androgenic steroids Bodybuilding Mental health
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
QV pharmacology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: lib2 lib2 lib2
Date Deposited: 05 May 2020 03:42
Last Modified: 05 May 2020 03:42
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/17504

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