Exploring the perceived factors that affect self-medication among nursing students: A qualitative study

Soroush, A. and Abdi, A. and Andayeshgar, B. and Vahdat, A. and Khatony, A. (2018) Exploring the perceived factors that affect self-medication among nursing students: A qualitative study. BMC Nursing, 17 (1).

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Background: Self-medication is the use of one or more medications without physician's diagnosis, opinion, or prescription and supervision, which includes the use of herbal or chemical drugs. Todays, self-medication is one of the biggest socio-health and economic problems among nursing students of various societies, including Iran, and because this issue can affected by contextual factors, this study aimed to explore the perceived factors that affect self-medication among nursing students. Methods: In this qualitative study, a semi-structured interview was conducted with 11 nursing students. The transcript of each interview was reviewed several times and classified into main categories and sub-categories by content analysis. To evaluate this study, Guba and Lincoln's four criteria, including credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability were considered for trustworthiness. Results: After analyzing the qualitative content of the interviews, four main categories, including educational backgrounds, nature of the disease, access to the media, and beliefs and personal experiences, and ten subcategories, including contact with clinical environment, relative knowledge about medications, simplicity of the disease, recurrence of the disease, influence of the media, use of the internet, believing in own knowledge, positive experiences of traditional medicine, and using own and others' experiences, were extracted. Conclusions: It seems that, having a relative awareness about various diseases and medications, which is sometimes associated with taking a few educational courses with an internship, creates a false confidence in student for self-medication and prescribing drugs to others. It would be beneficial if the education system and associated tutors could inform the students about the possible consequences of this issue. By knowing the internal and subjective factors that influence the self-medication, this arbitrary practice can be largely prevented. © 2018 The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :1 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Khatony, A.; Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Social Development and Health Promotion Research CenterIran; email: Akhatony@kums.ac.ir
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nurse Qualitative study Self-medication Student
Subjects: WB Practice of Medicine
WY Nursing
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: lib2 lib2 lib2
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 07:09
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 07:09
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/17544

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