Diagnostic value of ultrasound and gastrointestinal series findings in detection of pediatric intestinal malrotation

Taghavi, M. and Alamdaran, S. A. and Feizi, A. (2018) Diagnostic value of ultrasound and gastrointestinal series findings in detection of pediatric intestinal malrotation. Iranian Journal of Radiology, 15 (2).

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Background: Clinical diagnosis of malrotation is difficult to achieve, especially in older children and adults as its nonspecific presentations at this stage are usually neglected leading to delayed diagnosis of these cases. Objectives: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic values of ultrasound and upper gastrointestinal (GI) series in patients with suspected intestinal malrotation. Patients and Methods: This six-year cross-sectional, prospective study was conducted in Dr. Sheikh Children’s Hospital affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran from 2009 to 2015. Totally, 67 children (aged < 15 years) with clinical findings of intestinal malrotation who had evidence of malrotation in ultrasound or upper GI series were enrolled in the study. Results of radiological evaluation were compared to the final diagnosis of patients achieved from surgery. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software. Results: Of the 67 enrolled participants with clinical findings or suspected radiological signs of intestinal malrotation, about half (52.2) were male. Patients were 2 days to 16 years (mean, 2.5 years) old. Associated anomalies were observed in 47.7 of cases. Sensitivity and specificity were 82.5 and 85.7, respectively for GI series findings and 82.3 and 54.5, respectively for ultrasound compared with surgical findings as a gold standard. Conclusion: Ultrasound has a similar diagnostic value compared to upper GI series. They are complementary examinations and negative ultrasound or GI series results do not necessarily rule out intestinal malrotation. Mesenteric vessels ultrasound could be used as more specific diagnostic method for the detection of intestinal rotational disorders. © 2018, Iranian Journal of Radiology.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :1 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Alamdaran, S.A.; Department of Radiology, Imam Reza Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email: alamdarana@mums.ac.ir
Uncontrolled Keywords: Children GI series Intestinal malrotation Ultrasound adolescent Article child congenital malformation controlled study cross-sectional study diagnostic test accuracy study diagnostic value disease association echography female gastrointestinal radiography gastrointestinal surgery human infant intermethod comparison intestine malrotation Iran major clinical study male mesentery blood vessel preschool child prospective study school child sensitivity and specificity upper gastrointestinal series
Subjects: WI Digestive System
WN Radiology . Diagnostic Imaging
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: lib2 lib2 lib2
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2020 08:55
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2020 08:55
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/17551

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