Prevalence of refractive errors in students with and without color vision deficiency

Ostadimoghaddam, H. and Yekta, A. A. and Heravian, J. and Azimi, A. and Hosseini, S. M. A. and Vatandoust, S. and Sharifi, F. and Abolbashari, F. (2014) Prevalence of refractive errors in students with and without color vision deficiency. Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research, 9 (4). pp. 484-486.

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Purpose: To evaluate refractive errors in school age children with color vision deficiency (CVD) and those with normal color vision (NCV) in order to make a better understanding of the emmetropization process. Methods: A total of 4,400 primary school students aged 7-12 years were screened for color vision using Ishihara pseudoisochromatic color vision plate sets. Of these, 160 (3.6) students had CVD. A total of 400 age- and sex-matched students with NCV were selected as controls. Refractive status was evaluated using objective cyclorefraction. Results: The CVD group included 136 male (85) and 24 female (15) subjects with mean age of 10.1 ± 1.8 years. The NCV group comprised of 336 male (84) and 64 female (16) subjects with mean age of 10.5 ± 1.2 years. The prevalence of myopia (7.7 vs. 13.9, P < 0.001) and hyperopia (41 vs. 57.4, P = 0.03) was significantly lower in the CVD group. Furthermore, subjects with CVD subjects demonstrated a lower magnitude of refractive errors as compared to the CVD group (mean refractive error: +0.54 ± 0.19 D versus + 0.74 ± 1.12 D, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Although the lower prevalence of myopia in subjects with CVD group supports the role of longitudinal chromatic aberration in the development of refractive errors; the lower prevalence of hyperopia in this group is an opposing finding. Myopia is a multifactorial disorder and longitudinal chromatic aberration is not the only factor influencing the emmetropization process.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :3 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Hosseini, S.M.A.; Refractive Errors Research Center, School of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Color vision Hyperopia Myopia
Subjects: WW Ophthalmology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib6 lib6
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2020 09:29
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2020 09:29

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