Malnutrition and Feeding Problems in Children with Esophageal Atresia

Dehghani, Seyed Mohsen and Hajizadeh, Mahsa and Ilkhanpour, Homa and Shahramian, Iraj and Bazi, Ali and Kalvandi, Gholamreza (2020) Malnutrition and Feeding Problems in Children with Esophageal Atresia. Journal of Nutrition,Fasting and Health, 8 (1). pp. 34-39.

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Introduction: Esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is defined as a congenital malformation characterized with the interruption or obstruction of esophagus. Affected neonates may present with cyanosis during breast feeding, sialorrhea, coughing and difficulty in respiration. The defect should be corrected by surgery; otherwise, the condition can be life-threatening. Little is known about the long-term nutritional problems of children with EA. Our aim was to assess growth status and nutritional difficulties in children with EA. Methods: This was a retrospective study on 32 children with EA between 2007 and 2016. Nutritional status and feeding problems were assessed by a questionnaire. Results: The most common EA-associated complications were esophageal stricture (84.4), dysphagia (46.9), gastroesophageal reflux disease (37.5), and respiratory infections (25). Majority of our patients showed normal growth parameters, and 96.9 of them had experienced at least one complication or feeding problem including needing to drink water to swallow food (25), coughing during feeding (34.4), vomiting (12.5), and abdominal pain (34.4). There were no significant associations between feeding problems and growth parameters. Conclusions: Feeding problems are relatively common in children with EA. There is a need to provide nutritional consults to these patients to prevent or mitigate these problems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Esophageal atresia,Feeding behavior,growth retardation
Subjects: WD Nutrition Disease and metabolic diseases
WI Digestive System
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > J Fasting And Health
Depositing User: Journal of Nutriton Fasting and Health
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2020 09:51
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2020 09:51

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