Antibacterial activity of flavonoids and their structure–activity relationship: An update review

Farhadi, F. and Khameneh, B. and Iranshahi, M. and Iranshahy, M. (2019) Antibacterial activity of flavonoids and their structure–activity relationship: An update review. Phytotherapy Research, 33 (1). pp. 13-40.

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Abstract

Based on World Health Organization reports, resistance of bacteria to well-known antibiotics is a major global health challenge now and in the future. Different strategies have been proposed to tackle this problem including inhibition of multidrug resistance pumps and biofilm formation in bacteria and development of new antibiotics with novel mechanism of action. Flavonoids are a large class of natural compounds, have been extensively studied for their antibacterial activity, and more than 150 articles have been published on this topic since 2005. Over the past decade, some promising results were obtained with the antibacterial activity of flavonoids. In some cases, flavonoids (especially chalcones) showed up to sixfold stronger antibacterial activities than standard drugs in the market. Some synthetic derivatives of flavonoids also exhibited remarkable antibacterial activities with 20- to 80-fold more potent activity than the standard drug against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria (including Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus). This review summarizes the ever changing information on antibacterial activity of flavonoids since 2005, with a special focus on the structure–activity relationship and mechanisms of actions of this broad class of natural compounds. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :20 Export Date: 16 February 2020 CODEN: PHYRE Correspondence Address: Iranshahy, M.; Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email: iranshahiml@mums.ac.ir
Uncontrolled Keywords: antibacterial biofilm chalcones flavonoids multidrug resistance natural compounds chalcone derivative flavane 3 ol derivative flavanol derivative flavanone derivative flavone derivative flavonoid flavonol derivative unclassified drug antiinfective agent antibacterial activity drug mechanism drug potency drug structure IC50 multidrug resistant Escherichia coli multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa nonhuman Review Staphylococcus aureus structure activity relation chemical structure human Anti-Bacterial Agents Humans Molecular Structure Structure-Activity Relationship
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib1 lib1
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2020 05:10
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2020 05:10
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/18327

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