Tuberculous mastitis: A review of 32 cases

Farrokh, D. and Alamdaran, A. and Feyzi Laeen, A. and Fallah Rastegar, Y. and Abbasi, B. (2019) Tuberculous mastitis: A review of 32 cases. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 87. pp. 135-142.

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Background: Breast tuberculosis (TB) is a rare disease, still present in endemic areas. The significance of breast TB is due to its rare occurrence and its resemblance to malignant breast lesions. The objective of this study was to study various clinical presentations and imaging features of different forms of tuberculous mastitis. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted over a 10-year period. Thirty-two consecutive patients diagnosed with tuberculous mastitis were included. Results: There was only one male patient in this series. The patients ranged in age from 25 to 60 years (mean age was 33.69 years). A solitary breast mass was the most common clinical presentation, which was associated with inflammatory findings in the majority of cases. The most common mammographic finding was diffusely increased density and the most common pathological finding was solitary mass. The most common appearance on ultrasound was of multiple intercommunicating breast masses with axillary lymphadenopathy. Conclusions: Breast TB should be considered in the differential diagnosis in the presence of a painful breast mass, discharging sinuses, mastitis, or a breast abscess that does not respond to conventional medical treatment. A multidisciplinary approach is required to aid timely diagnosis and to provide appropriate management and treatment in order to avoid complications. © 2019 The Authors

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 February 2020 CODEN: IJIDF Correspondence Address: Abbasi, B.; Radiology Department, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Breast imaging Tuberculosis Tuberculous mastitis Ultrasound adult Article axillary lymph node breast discharge breast tumor clinical article clinical feature female human lymphadenopathy male mammography mastalgia mastitis middle aged observational study rare disease retrospective study skin ulcer skinfold breast differential diagnosis microbiology pathology Diagnosis, Differential Humans Retrospective Studies
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib1 lib1
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2020 05:10
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2020 05:10

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