Biomaterials, current strategies, and novel nano-technological approaches for periodontal regeneration

Iviglia, G. and Kargozar, S. and Baino, F. (2019) Biomaterials, current strategies, and novel nano-technological approaches for periodontal regeneration. Journal of Functional Biomaterials, 10 (1).

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Abstract

Periodontal diseases involve injuries to the supporting structures of the tooth and, if left untreated, can lead to the loss of the tooth. Regenerative periodontal therapies aim, ideally, at healing all the damaged periodontal tissues and represent a significant clinical and societal challenge for the current ageing population. This review provides a picture of the currently-used biomaterials for periodontal regeneration, including natural and synthetic polymers, bioceramics (e.g., calcium phosphates and bioactive glasses), and composites. Bioactive materials aim at promoting the regeneration of new healthy tissue. Polymers are often used as barrier materials in guided tissue regeneration strategies and are suitable both to exclude epithelial down-growth and to allow periodontal ligament and alveolar bone cells to repopulate the defect. The problems related to the barrier postoperative collapse can be solved by using a combination of polymeric membranes and grafting materials. Advantages and drawbacks associated with the incorporation of growth factors and nanomaterials in periodontal scaffolds are also discussed, along with the development of multifunctional and multilayer implants. Tissue-engineering strategies based on functionally-graded scaffolds are expected to play an ever-increasing role in the management of periodontal defects. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :9 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Baino, F.; Institute of Materials Physics and Engineering, Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di TorinoItaly; email: francesco.baino@polito.it
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioactivity Bioceramics Composites Dental implants Dental materials Nanomaterials Nanotechnology Periodontal tissue engineering Polymers alginic acid bioactive glass biomaterial bone morphogenetic protein calcium phosphate calcium sulfate chitosan collagen enamel protein growth factor hyaluronic acid nanomaterial pectin platelet derived growth factor polymer unclassified drug alveolar bone autograft bone allograft bone cell bone graft bone transplantation epithelium cell gene therapy human nanomedicine nonhuman periodontal disease periodontal guided tissue regeneration periodontal ligament periodontal procedure polymerization Review tissue engineering tissue regeneration xenograft
Subjects: QT physiology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib1 lib1
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2020 06:46
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2020 06:46
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/18424

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