Pulmonary fungal co-infection prevalence among Iranian patients with pulmonary tuberculosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Mortazavi, H. and Ghazalibina, M. and Mansouri, S. and Khaledi, A. and Saburi, E. (2019) Pulmonary fungal co-infection prevalence among Iranian patients with pulmonary tuberculosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sains Malaysiana, 48 (12). pp. 2717-2725.

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Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is further aggravated if it is accompanied with fungal co-infection. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of pulmonary fungal co-infection among Iranian patients with pulmonary TB using a systematic review and meta-analysis. The present study was a review of cross-sectional studies on the prevalence of pulmonary fungal co-colonization among Iranian patients with pulmonary TB with regard to the PRISMA Protocol. To this end, the articles published online in English and Persian were searched on the main databases and gateways such as Google Scholar, Science Direct, Web of Science, MEDLINE, PubMed, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, Magiran, Irandoc, and Scientific Information Databases. The reviews of the literatures published online from 2000 to the end of 2018 were included in the study. The keywords used for searching through the databases were pulmonary fungal co-infection with pulmonary TB, pulmonary mycosis co-infection with pulmonary TB, pulmonary fungal colonization/agents with pulmonary TB, AND Iran. Finally, the collected data were analyzed by Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software. The analyses showed that the prevalence of fungal co-infection among patients with pulmonary TB varied from 12.3-68.8, and that the combined prevalence of fungal co-infection among patients with pulmonary TB was 17.4. Amongst the fungi involved in co-infection with TB, Candida spp. was the most predominant with the prevalence of 6.9, followed by Aspergillus spp. (3.2). Moreover, the highest prevalence of Aspergillus spp. was observed for Aspergillus fumigatus (1.6). The most frequent Candida spp. was Candida albicans with a frequency of 6. The findings showed that the combined prevalence of fungal co-infection among Iranian patients with pulmonary TB was high. In this regard, among the fungi involved in co-infection with TB, Candida spp. was the most frequent. © 2019 Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Khaledi, A.; Infectious Diseases Research Center, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical SciencesIran; email: azadkh99@gmail.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aspergillus spp Candida spp Co-infection Pulmonary tuberculosis database disease prevalence fungal disease literature review medical geography meta-analysis numerical model respiratory disease Iran Aspergillus Aspergillus fumigatus Candida Candida albicans Fungi
Subjects: WF Respiratory System
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib1 lib1
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2020 09:23
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2020 09:23
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/18547

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