Sexual education and women empowerment in health: A review of the literature

Najmabadi, K. M. and Sharifi, F. (2019) Sexual education and women empowerment in health: A review of the literature. International Journal of Women's Health and Reproduction Sciences, 7 (2). pp. 150-155.

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Objectives: Women constitute almost 50 of the world population and play a number of roles in the community. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between sex education and women empowerment in health. Methods: Based on the aim of the study, the data were obtained reviewing the related literature on electronic and non-electronic websites and using equivalent keywords published until the last week of February 2018. In addition, mesh terms and key words were included in this research. Inclusion criteria were articles published from 2005 to February 2018. All the observation or interventional studies including ten articles which met the search criteria were studied. Results: The results revealed that sex education has different effects on sexual attitudes or activities of women. Further, it was effective in increasing the sexual autonomy of female college students. Furthermore, health providers’ contribution may improve sexual autonomy. In the current study, sex education programs were effective at increasing HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) knowledge and condom use, reducing the risk of unprotected intercourse and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), as well as unplanned pregnancy and abortion. Finally, abstinence-plus sex education programs increased health knowledge while they reduced risky sexual behaviors. Conclusions: In general, sex education is a critical method of women empowerment in health through increasing their health knowledge and related behaviors. Therefore, a compilation program of sex education is more useful. Accordingly, seeking to place sex training in the educational curriculum in accordance with the culture of the countries is a necessity. © 2019 The Author (s).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :1 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Sharifi, F.; Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Empowerment Health Sex education abortion acquired immune deficiency syndrome attitude to health bibliographic database condom use curriculum education program health survey human Human immunodeficiency virus infection masculinity randomized controlled trial (topic) reproductive health Review risk factor sexual behavior sexual education sexual function sexual health sexually transmitted disease structural equation modeling unplanned pregnancy unprotected sex
Subjects: WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib1 lib1
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2020 09:25
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2020 09:25

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