Effect of bevacizumab on growth of human nasal polyposis in vitro; an off-label use of anti-angiogenic agent for nasal polyposis treatment

Nemati, S. and Keihanian, F. and Saeidinia, A. and Bakhshaei, M. (2019) Effect of bevacizumab on growth of human nasal polyposis in vitro; an off-label use of anti-angiogenic agent for nasal polyposis treatment. Drug Design, Development and Therapy, 13. pp. 3383-3389.

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Effect of bevacizumab on growth of human nasal polyposis in vitro; an off-label use of anti-angiogenic agent for nasal polyposis treatment.pdf

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Abstract

Introduction: Nasal polyposis (NP) is a frequent problem during adulthood. Treatment of NP is primarily based on drugs, such as oral or topical steroids and in some types, by surgery. Despite of available therapeutic options for NP, recurrence after polypectomy is found. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a known factor involved in NP. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody, which acts against VEGF. Aim: Regarding the availability of bevacizumab and its use in ophthalmic off-label application, in this study, we hypothesized that it could be a choice of non-invasive treatment. The researchers aimed at evaluating the use of bevacizumab in vitro on the growth of NP. Materials and methods: In this experimental study, the researchers used eight non-allergic NP tissues from patients admitted for polypectomy clinic of Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad. Tissues were cultured in DMEM medium based on standard protocols in the presence or absence of bevacizumab (10 to 250 µM) then incubated. The mean of the responses was reported. The level of VEGF and MTT test for NP epithelial cell viability were determined for each group. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software. Results: The researchers demonstrated that bevacizumab leads to a decrease in the level of VEGF (the most common cause of angiogenesis in NP) in media culture of NP, dosedependently (P<0.001). The highest mean was related to the 10-µM group and the least mean was related to the 250-µM group. In MTT test after 5 days, it was shown that the percentage of viable epithelial NP cells (due to apoptosis) was decreased dose-dependently and could lead to resolving NP tissue (P<0.001), significantly. Conclusion: This study showed that bevacizumab could help decrease the growth of NP tissue dose-dependently in organ culture in vitro by inhibiting VEGF. It seems that bevacizumab could be a good candidate for the treatment of non-allergic NP. © 2019 Nemati et al.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Saeidinia, A.; Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University Complex, Azadi Square, Iran; email: saeidiniaa971@mums.ac.ir
Uncontrolled Keywords: Avastin Bevacizumab In vitro study Nasal polyposis Non-allergic polyps vasculotropin adult apoptosis Article cell viability clinical article concentration response epithelium cell female human human tissue male nose polyp
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib1 lib1
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2020 09:30
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2020 09:30
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/18569

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