Toxicological profile of Amanita virosa – A narrative review

Tavassoli, M. and Afshari, A. and Arsene, A. L. and Mégarbane, B. and Dumanov, J. and Bastos Paoliello, M. M. and Tsatsakis, A. and Carvalho, F. and Hashemzaei, M. and Karimi, G. and Rezaee, R. (2019) Toxicological profile of Amanita virosa – A narrative review. Toxicology Reports, 6. pp. 143-150.

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Abstract

Mushrooms account for a part of human diet due to their exquisite taste and protein content as well as their promising health effects unveiled by scientific research. Toxic and non-toxic mushrooms frequently share considerable morphological similarities, which mislead the collectors/consumers, resulting in mycotoxicity. Numerous mushroom species are considered “poisonous” as they produce dangerous toxins. For instance, members of the genus Amanita, especially A. phalloides, A. virosa and A. verna, are responsible for severe and even life-threatening noxious consequences. Globally, mushroom poisoning is a crucial healthcare issue as it leads to a considerable number of deaths annually. However, no definite antidote has been introduced to treat this poisoning. The present article discusses the characteristics of A. virosa in terms of epidemiology, mechanisms of toxicity, poisoning features and management. © 2019 The Authors

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :2 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Rezaee, R.; Clinical Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical SciencesIran; email: raminrezaee1983@gmail.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: Amanita virosa Amanitin Epidemiology Mushroom poisoning Phalloidin alanine alpha amanitin asparagine beta amanitin cysteine glycine hydroxyproline isoleucine phallacidin phallotoxin threonine tryptophan Amanita Amanita phalloides Amanita verna cell membrane high performance liquid chromatography liver failure mortality rate nonhuman poison center poisonous mushroom priority journal Review toxicology
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib1 lib1
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2020 05:59
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2020 05:59
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/18678

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