Do cancer patients prefer to know the diagnosis? A descriptive study among Iranian Patients

Ardestani, S. M. S. and Faridhosseini, F. and Shirkhani, F. and Karamad, A. and Farid, L. and Bordbar, M. R. F. and Motlagh, A. (2015) Do cancer patients prefer to know the diagnosis? A descriptive study among Iranian Patients. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 9 (4).

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Background: There are important differences regarding cancer disclosure in various geographical populations (Europeans, Western Asia, Eastern Asia), depending on multiple sociocultural factors, and therefore, there is no standard protocol on this issue, especially in Iran. Objectives: To evaluate the amount of information that Iranian patients have and their preference for the disclosure of the cancer diagnosis. Patients and Methods: In this cross sectional descriptive research, patients admitted in the oncology departments of 3 referral medical centers, Imam Hussein, Shohada-e-Tajrish and Modarres, in Tehran, from March 2007 to April 2008, were questioned about their awareness and knowledge regarding their diagnosis. Two different structured questionnaires were designed for the people who know and who didn't know their diagnosis. For the former, the survey concerned their psychological reactions to their situations, whether they would prefer to know about their diagnosis and by whom they are preferred to be informed .For the latter, the questionnaire included their preference whether to know the diagnosis and their current emotional state. Descriptive statistics and chi square test was applied to analyze gathering Data, using SPSS version 14. Results: 60.3 of the patients knew their diagnosis. Among the subjects who did not know their diagnosis, 88 preferred to be more informed about their diagnosis and 68 had some psychological reaction to their situations. Among the subjects who knew their diagnosis, 92.1 preferred to know their diagnosis, 73.6 preferred to be informed directly by their physicians. Following the diagnostic disclosure, 81.5 reported that they had felt nervous, anxious and worried. Conclusions: The majority of Iranian patients with malignancy want to know the truth and they prefer to be informed directly by their doctors. © 2015, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :2 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Faridhosseini, F.; Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box: 9195983134, Iran; email:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diagnostic Disclosure Doctor-Patient Relations Neoplasms Patient preference antineoplastic agent adult anxiety Article awareness breast cancer cancer chemotherapy cancer diagnosis cancer patient cancer radiotherapy cross-sectional study descriptive research digestive system cancer doctor patient relation female human interpersonal communication Iranian people knowledge liver cancer lung cancer lymphoma major clinical study male middle aged neoplasm nervousness osteosarcoma ovary cancer pancreas cancer patient worry prostate cancer structured questionnaire
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
QZ pathology-neoplasms-Genetics
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib5 lib5
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 08:30
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 08:30

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