Perceptions of Iranian cancer patients regarding respecting their dignity in hospital settings

Avestan, Z. and Rahmani, A. and Heshmati-Nabavi, F. and Mogadasian, S. and Faghani, S. and Azadi, A. and Esfahani, A. (2015) Perceptions of Iranian cancer patients regarding respecting their dignity in hospital settings. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 16 (13). pp. 5453-5458.

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Background: There are several factors that threaten the dignity of cancer patients in hospital settings. However, there is limited literature regarding the degree to which dignity of cancer patients is actually respected in daily clinical practice. The aims of this study were therefore to explore cancer patient perceptions of respecting their dignity and related variables in an Iranian cancer specific center. Materials and Methods: This descriptivecorrelational study was carried out among 250 cancer patients admitted to a cancer specific center in East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. These patients were selected using a convenience sampling method. The Patient Dignity Inventory (PDI) was used for data collection. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. Results: The patients' scores in 18 out of 25 items of PDI were 3 or greater which indicate the importance of considering these items in clinical settings. Also, the score of patients in three sub-scales of PDI including illnessrelated concerns, personal dignity, and social dignity were 74, 65 and 57, respectively (based on a total 100). The overall score of PDI was statistically associated with age, history of disease recurrence, education, employment and economic status of participants. Conclusions: According to the study findings the dignity of Iranian cancer patients is not completely respected in clinical settings which require special considerations. As nurses spend more time at patients' bedsides, they have an important role in maintaining and promoting dignified care.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :6 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Rahmani, A.; Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical SciencesIran
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cancer patients Dignity Ethical treatyment Iran attitude to health female follow up hospital patient human male middle aged neoplasm perception personhood prognosis psychology statistics and numerical data Follow-Up Studies Humans Inpatients Neoplasms
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
QZ pathology-neoplasms-Genetics
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib5 lib5
Date Deposited: 15 May 2020 13:03
Last Modified: 15 May 2020 13:03

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