Association between refractive errors and ocular biometry in Iranian adults

Hashemi, H. and Khabazkhoob, M. and Emamian, M. H. and Shariati, M. and Miraftab, M. and Yekta, A. and Ostadimoghaddam, H. and Fotouhi, A. (2015) Association between refractive errors and ocular biometry in Iranian adults. Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research, 10 (3). pp. 214-220.

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the association between ocular biometrics such as axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness (LT), vitreous chamber depth (VCD) and corneal power (CP) with different refractive errors. Methods: In a cross-sectional study on the 40 to 64-year-old population of Shahroud, random cluster sampling was performed. Ocular biometrics were measured using the Allegro Biograph (WaveLight AG, Erlangen, Germany) for all participants. Refractive errors were determined using cycloplegic refraction. Results: In the first model, the strongest correlations were found between spherical equivalent with axial length and corneal power. Spherical equivalent was strongly correlated with axial length in high myopic and high hyperopic cases, and with corneal power in high hyperopic cases; 69.5 of variability in spherical equivalent was attributed to changes in these variables. In the second model, the correlations between vitreous chamber depth and corneal power with spherical equivalent were stronger in myopes than hyperopes, while the correlations between lens thickness and anterior chamber depth with spherical equivalent were stronger in hyperopic cases than myopic ones. In the third model, anterior chamber depth + lens thickness correlated with spherical equivalent only in moderate and severe cases of hyperopia, and this index was not correlated with spherical equivalent in moderate to severe myopia. Conclusion: In individuals aged 40-64 years, corneal power and axial length make the greatest contribution to spherical equivalent in high hyperopia and high myopia. Anterior segment biometric components have a more important role in hyperopia than myopia. © 2015 Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :10 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Fotouhi, A.; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical SciencesIran; email: afotouhi@tums.ac.ir
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult Middle East Region Ocular Biometry Refractive Errors
Subjects: WW Ophthalmology
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib5 lib5
Date Deposited: 03 May 2020 05:06
Last Modified: 03 May 2020 05:06
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/18873

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