The epidemiology of scorpion stings in tropical areas of Kermanshah province, Iran, during 2008 and 2009

Khatony, A. and Abdi, A. and Fatahpour, T. and Towhidi, F. (2015) The epidemiology of scorpion stings in tropical areas of Kermanshah province, Iran, during 2008 and 2009. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases, 21 (1).

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Abstract

Background: Scorpion stings are an acute health problem in tropical regions. Awareness of this problem is fundamental for establishing preventive interventions, thus prompting the present study to determine the scorpion-sting incidence in tropical areas of Kermanshah province during 2008 and 2009. Methods: In a retrospective study, all records related to scorpion sting patients from the health centers of tropical areas of Kermanshah were studied by a census and checklist. Data were analyzed by the software SPSS-16 using descriptive and inferential tests. Results: The incidence of scorpion stings was 334.37/100,000 inhabitants in 2008 and 339.07/100000 in 2009. Mean and standard deviation of age were 30.55 ± 16.99. Scorpion stings were more common in rural areas (59.6 ) and occurred more often in summer (52.9 ). Nearly 48 of bites were to patients' hands and 47.5 of patients were injured between midnight and 6 a.m. While 92.9 of patients had mild symptoms, scorpion antivenom was prescribed to 88.8 of victims, 94.5 of whom were discharged after outpatient treatment. The relationship between antivenom therapy and clinical symptoms was not significant. Conclusions: Due to the relatively high incidence of scorpion stings in tropical areas of Kermanshah, it is recommended that the inhabitants be educated through the mass media about how to prevent the stings and apply preliminary treatment. © 2015 Khatony et al.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :7 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Abdi, A.; Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, School of Nursing and MidwiferyIran; email: Aabdi61@yahoo.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: Epidemiology Incidence Kermanshah Scorpion stings Tropical climate scorpion venom antiserum adolescent adult age distribution Article child controlled study data analysis disease severity envenomation female geographic distribution hand health center health education human Iran major clinical study male mass medium night outpatient care retrospective study rural area scorpion sting symptom tropics
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib5 lib5
Date Deposited: 13 May 2020 06:47
Last Modified: 13 May 2020 06:50
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/18923

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